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Is it Permissible to Slaughter a Sheep as Aqiqa on someone`s Behalf?

Answered as per Shafi'i Fiqh by Darul Iftaa Jordan
A person wanted to slaughter a sheep as Aqiqa(slaughtering sheep for the newborn) for his daughter and invite relatives and friends to a banquet. He also wanted to slaughter another sheep since he has invited so many people. Is it permissible that his sister asks him to slaughter the second sheep as Aqiqa on her behalf?

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds, and may His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all of his family and companions. In principle, the parents or guardians of a child are responsible for making his Aqiqa, but if they didn`t and he/she reached the age of puberty they become free from liability. After reaching puberty, it is recommended that a person makes Aqiqa on behalf of himself/herself, and it doesn`t avail that someone else offers it on his/her behalf since Muslim jurists haven`t permitted offering Aqiqa on behalf of an adult. Al-Imam An-Nawawi(May Allah be pleased with him) said: "None is permitted to offer Aqiqa on behalf of an adult but himself/herself."{Al-Majmou`, 8/431}. This because, in principle, acts of devotion should be performed by the person himself. However, if someone else offered Aqiqa on his behalf after the latter had reached the age of puberty then both will receive the reward of charity and that of slaughtering a sheep for the sake of Allah, but it doesn`t avail as Aqiqa. In your case(asker), you should give that sheep to your sister, and after it becomes in her possession she may authorize someone else to slaughter it as Aqiqa on her behalf. And Allah knows best.

This answer was collected from the official government Iftaa Department of Jordan.

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