Q. When and how is Qunoot-e-Naazilah recited and what is its ruling?
A. Qunoot-e-Naazilah is recited whenever the Muslim Ummah is faced with a major catastrophe or crisis.
Qunoot-e-Naazilah is recited in the second Rakaat of the Fajr Salaah after rising from Ruku’ into the standing (Qaumah) posture and before going into prostration (Sajdah) whilst keeping the hands one’s sides.
In a congregation, the Imaam will recite the Qunoot-e-Naazilah aloud and the followers (Muqtadi’s) should say ‘Ameen’ softly at the end of each Dua recited of the Qunoot-e-Naazilah.
Qunoot-e-Naazilah may also be recited softly by women performing Fajr Salaah at home or by any person performing Fajr Salaah individually.
It is preferable (Mustahab) to recite Qunoot-e-Naazilah as frequently as possible until such a catastrophe or crisis facing the Muslim Ummah settles or subsides.
Sayyiduna Ansa Bin Maalik Radhiyallahu Anhu reports that “Rasoolullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam recited Qunut for a month in the Fajr Salaah after Ruku’ and invoked curse upon Bani Usayya.” (Muslim)
The Qunoot-e-Naazilah is as follows:
اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِي فِيمَنْ هَدَيْتَ، وَعَافِنِي فِيمَنْ عَافَيْتَ، وَتَوَلَّنِي فِيمَنْ تَوَلَّيْتَ، وَبَارِكْ لِي فِيمَا أَعْطَيْتَ، وَقِنِي شَرَّ مَا قَضَيْتَ، فَإِنَّكَ تَقْضِي وَلاَ يُقْضَى عَلَيْكَ، وَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَذِلُّ مَنْ وَالَيْتَ، تَبَارَكْتَ رَبَّنَا وَتَعَالَيْتَ
اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ، وَأَلِّفْ بَيْنَ قُلُوبِهِمْ، وَأَصْلِحْ ذَاتَ بَيْنِهِمْ، وَانْصُرْهُمْ عَلَى عَدُوِّك وَعَدُوِّهِمْ. اللَّهُمَّ الْعَنْ كَفَرَةَ الْكِتَابِ الَّذِينَ يُكَذِّبُونَ رُسُلَك وَيُقَاتِلُونَ أَوْلِيَاءَك. اللَّهُمَّ خَالِفْ بَيْنَ كَلِمَتِهِمْ، وَزَلْزِلْ أَقْدَامَهُمْ، وَأَنْزِلْ عَلَيْهِمْ بَأْسَك الَّذِي لَا يُرَدُّ عَنْ الْقَوْمِ الْمُجْرِمِينَ
“O Allah guide me among those You have guided, pardon me among those You have pardoned, befriend me among those You have befriended, bless me in what You have granted, and save me from the evil that You have decreed. Indeed! You decree, and none can pass decree upon You. Indeed! he is not humiliated whom You have befriended, blessed are You our Lord and Exalted.
O Allah, forgive us and the believing men and women and Muslim men and women, unite their hearts with mutual love, set right their mutual affairs and help them against theirs and Your enemy. O Allah, let Your curse be on those disbelievers who reject Your prophets and kill Your chosen ones. O Allah, make difficult their plans, shake their feet and give them such punishment which is not turned away from a sinning people.” (Tirmidhi Shaami 2/6)
It is also permissible to add appropriate Dua’s to the Qunoot-e-Naazilah in Salaah in Arabic that are applicable to a particular circumstance which gives more meaning, effect and relevance to one’s Dua, for e.g. making Dua for the help and assistance of the Muslims in Palestine, Syria, Bangladesh, Kashmir, India and for the Muslims suffering all over the world. (Badaaius-Sanaai’1/273 – Fataawa Mahmoodiyyah 7/171 – Fataawa Raheemiyyah 6/23 – Jawaahirul Fiqh 6/81 –)
Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
Mufti Ismaeel Bassa
This answer was collected from TheMufti.com, which is a fatwa portal managed by Mufti Ismaeel Bassa from South Africa.