I want to know the difference between ‘hadith and qiyas’
Islamic jurisprudence is based on 4 fundamental principles.
- Ijma’a (consensus)
- Qiyaas (Analogy)
One should remember that not every ruling can be found in the Quran and hadith. Quran and hadith are the roots of sharia.
Everyday a new Mas’alah arises which is not found in the Quran and hadith. The method of deriving these new Masa’ail is known as Qiyaas.
Qiyaas has its rules which are strictly followed. Qiyaas is used for those situations in which there are no rulings found in first 3 principles. So the ruling derived from the first three is then fitted onto the current situation. Qiyaas is there to bring into open some ruling which has its roots in the Quraan/Hadith.
Inshallah a Bayan on Qiyas will be coming on the hanafi fiqh channel soon.