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Talking while eating

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by ShariahBoard.org

Assalamualaikum,

Is it Sunnah to talk while eating or should one remain quiet during the meal?

Talking while eating

الجواب وباللہ التوفیق

Ibne’ Jozi رحمت اللہ علیہ has written that to keep quiet while eating is the way of the ‘Ajmis and it is from the etiquettes of eating that while eating noble talks, Ahadith, and noble stories should be narrated in front of the people and should avoid undesirable talks.

قَال ابْنُ الْجَوْزِيِّ : مِنْ آدَابِ الأَْكْل أَنْ لاَ يَسْكُتُوا عَلَى الطَّعَامِ بَل يَتَكَلَّمُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيُسْتَحَبُّ أَنْ يُبَاسِطَ الإِْخْوَانَ بِالْحَدِيثِ الطَّيِّبِ عِنْدَ الأَْكْل وَالْحِكَايَاتِ الَّتِي تَلِيقُ بِالْحَال إِذَا كَانُوا مُنْقَبِضِينَ لِيَحْصُل لَهُمُ الاِنْبِسَاطُ وَيَطُول جُلُوسُهُمْ .

وَقَال الْحَنَفِيَّةُ : وَلاَ يَتَكَلَّمُ بِمَا يُسْتَقْذَرُ بَل يَذْكُرُ نَحْوَ حِكَايَاتِ الصَّالِحِينَ فَإِنَّ مِنْ آدَابِ الأَْكْل – الْكَلاَمَ عَلَى الطَّعَامِ وَلاَ يَسْكُتُ عَنِ الْكَلاَمِ فَإِنَّ السُّكُوتَ الْمَحْضَ مِنْ سِيَرِ الأَْعَاجِمِ ، بَل عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَتَحَدَّثَ بِالْمُبَاحِ وَحِكَايَاتِ الصَّالِحِينَ وَمِنْ هَذَا قِيل : الصَّمْتُ عَلَى الطَّعَامِ ، مِنْ سِيرَةِ الْجُهَلاَءِ وَاللِّئَامِ ، لاَ مِنْ سِيرَةِ الْعُلَمَاءِ الْكِرَامِ .

 (الموسوعۃ الفقہیۃ الکویتیۃ:الکلام علی الطعام،۳۵/۱۲۰)

واللہ اعلم بالصواب

 

This answer was collected from Shariahboard.org. It was established under the supervision of the eminent faqih of our era, Hazrat Shah Mufti Mohammed Navalur Rahman damat barakatuhum.

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