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How Hanafi men hold their hands in prayers: why?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Where the proof for the way Hanafis hold their hands in prayer by forming a circle with the little finger and thumb of the right hand around the left wrist while letting the other three fingers go straight?

Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalamu alaikum,

Wa’il ibn Hujr (Allah be pleased with him) reports that, “He saw the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) raising his hands when starting his prayer and then give the opening takbir… Then he placed his right hand on his left… [Muslim]

Qubaysa ibn Hulb reports from his father (Allah be pleased with them) that, “The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) used to lead us in prayer, and would clasp his left hand with his right.” [Tirmidhi, who deemed it sound (hasan)]

Two ways have been reported in the sunna of the Beloved of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him), as indicated in the above hadiths (and many others):

a) placing the right hand on the left, which would seem to indicate the fingers going straight down the arm; and

b) clasping the left hand with the right, which would seem to indicate doing so with all the fingers.

Ibn Abidin quoted Umar ibn Nujaym’s al-Nahr al-Fa’iq in his Minhat al-Khaliq Hashiyat al-Bahr al-Ra’iq [1.326] explaining that,

“Sarakhsi said that many scholars chose to clap the [left] wrist with the [right] thumb and little finger, while place the other three fingers [straight on the left arm], in order to act on both the clasping and the placing that have been transmitted in the Prophetic sunna…”

In Radd al-Muhtar, Ibn Abidin explained that when there are two evidences, it is superior to act on both than on just one…

This opinion was chosen by most of the great later Hanafis, such as Kamal ibn al-Humam in Fath al-Qadir [1.286], Zayn al-Din Ibn Nujaym in al-Bahr al-Ra’iq, and his brother Umar Ibn Nujaym in al-Nahr al-Fa’iq,

And Allah alone gives success.

Note: This applies to men only. As for women, they place their right hand on their left hand, on their chest. [Radd al-Muhtar]

Wassalam,

Faraz Rabbani

 

قال الكمال ابنُ الهمام (رحمه الله تعالى) في فتح القدير شرح الهداية: 1/286ثُمَّ قِيلَ كَيْفِيَّتُهُ أَنْ يَضَعَ الْكَفَّ عَلَى الْكَفِّ , وَقِيلَ عَلَى الْمِفْصَلِ . وَعَنْ أَبِي يُوسُفَيَقْبِضُ بِالْيُمْنَى رُسْغَ الْيُسْرَى . وَقَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ : يَضَعُهَا كَذَلِكَ وَيَكُونُ الرُّسْغُ وَسَطَالْكَفِّ , وَقِيلَ يَأْخُذُ الرُّسْغَ بِالْإِبْهَامِ وَالْخِنْصَرِ : يَعْنِي وَيَضَعُ الْبَاقِيَ فَيَكُونُ جَمْعًا بَيْنَ الْأَخْذِ وَالْوَضْعِ وَهُوَ الْمُخْتَارُقال العلامة ابن عابدين الشامي (رحمه الله تعالى) فيمنحة الخالق حاشية البحر الرائق: 1/326( قَوْلُ الْمُصَنِّفِ وَوَضَعَ يَمِينَهُ عَلَىيَسَارِهِ قَالَ فِي النَّهْرِ : … قَالَ السَّرَخْسِيُّ وَاسْتَحْسَنَ كَثِيرٌ مِنْ الْمَشَايِخِ أَخْذَ الرُّسْغِ بِالْإِبْهَامِ وَالْخِنْصَرِ وَوَضْعَ الْبَاقِيَ لِيَكُونَ جَامِعًا بَيْنَ الْأَخْذِ وَالْوَضْعِ الْمَرْوِيَّيْنِفِي السُّنَّةِ وَهُوَ الْمُخْتَارُ ا هـ . وَفِي مِعْرَاجِ الدِّرَايَةِ بَعْدَ عَزْوِهِ هَذَا الْقَوْلَ لِلْمُجْتَبَىوَالظَّهِيرِيَّةِ وَالْمَبْسُوطِ بِزِيَادَةٍ لِيَكُونَ عَمَلًا بِالْحَدِيثَيْنِ وَالْمَذَاهِبِ احْتِيَاطًا قَالَ وَقِيلَهَذَا خَارِجٌ عَنْ الْمَذَاهِبِ وَالْأَحَادِيثِ فَلَا يَكُونُ الْعَمَلُ بِهِ احْتِيَاطًا ا هـ . ( عَنْ وَائِلِ بْنِ حُجْرٍ أَنَّهُ { رَأَى النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ حِينَ دَخَلَ فِيالصَّلَاةِ وَكَبَّرَ , ثُمَّ الْتَحَفَ بِثَوْبِهِ , ثُمَّ وَضَعَ الْيُمْنَى عَلَى الْيُسْرَى , فَلَمَّا أَرَادَ أَنْيَرْكَعَ أَخْرَجَ يَدَيْهِ , ثُمَّ رَفَعَهُمَا وَكَبَّرَ فَرَكَعَ , فَلَمَّا قَالَ : سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ رَفَعَيَدَيْهِ , فَلَمَّا سَجَدَ سَجَدَ بَيْن كَفَّيْهِ } . رَوَاهُ أَحْمَدُ وَمُسْلِمٌ رَوَى قَبِيصَةُ بْنُ هُلْبٍ ,عَنْ أَبِيهِ , قَالَ : { كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَؤُمُّنَا فَيَأْخُذُ شِمَالَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ } , رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ , وَقَالَ : حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ

 

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