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Can a wife give divorce?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by IslamicPortal.co.uk

If a wife shouts Ṭalāq three times out of extreme anger to her husband, does this mean she is divorced?

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم


This does not constitute divorce. Divorce is given by the husband. There are also other methods to annul a marriage, however, a wife cannot on her own accord give divorce.

قال محمد بن الحسن في الحجة على أهل المدينة (٣/٥٠٤): قال أبو حنيفة رضي الله عنه: كل فرقة بين الرجل وامرأته وقعت من قبل الرجل فهي طلاق إلا في خصلة واحدة، إذا ارتد عن الإسلام لم تكن ردته بطلاق، وكل فرقة جاءت من قبل المرأة فليست بطلاق بوجه من الوجوه، لأن الطلاق بيد الرجل لا بيد المرأة، انتهى. وراجع الفقه على المذاهب الأربعة (٤/٣٢٧) والفقه الإسلامي وأدلته (٩/٦٨٧٧)۔

Allah knows best

Yusuf Shabbir

16 Ramaḍān 1440 / 21 May 2019

Approved by: Mufti Shabbir Ahmed and Mufti Muhammad Tahir

This answer was collected from IslamicPortal.co.uk, which is a repository of Islamic Q&A, articles, books, and resources. Various schools write and oversee the answers, including Maulana Yusuf Shabbir, Mufti Shabbir Ahmed, and Mufti Muhammad Tahir. 

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