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How to calculate missed Salaah (Qadha Umri)

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DaruliftaaZambia.com
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Question

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

I am doing my qadhaa umri and I wanted to find out how to calculate if you do not know what age you reached maturity. I am now 24. I have calculated from the age of 13 until 19 as I started praying my namaaz at 19. However, I really have no idea when I became mature.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

We commend you on your sensitivity to perform Qadha of the missed Salaah. You should make Shukr to Allah for granting you the ability to commence making Qadha of your missed Salaah.

In principle, one will have to make Qadhaa of the Salaah he/she missed after reaching puberty. [i]

If one cannot remember the exact date of puberty, then one should apply his/her discretion and make an overestimation and stipulate a date to make up for the missed Salaah until he/she is convinced that there are no more Salaah remaining. [ii]

If then too one cannot determine the date of maturity, a boy will consider 13 years of age as his date of maturity and a girl will consider 9 years of age as her date of maturity. [iii]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Mufti Muhammad I.V Patel

Checked and Approved by
Mufti Nabeel Valli.

Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah
Lusaka, Zambia

[i]

الفتاوى الهندية – ط. دار الفكر (1/ 121)

كُلُّ صَلَاةٍ فَاتَتْ عن الْوَقْتِ بَعْدَ وُجُوبِهَا فيه يَلْزَمُهُ قَضَاؤُهَا سَوَاءٌ تَرَكَ عَمْدًا أو سَهْوًا أو بِسَبَبِ نَوْمٍ وَسَوَاءٌ كانت الْفَوَائِتُ كَثِيرَةً أو قَلِيلَةً

 

[ii]

حاشية الطهطاوي على مراقي الفلاح – ط. بولاق (ص: 290)

من لا يدري كمية الفوائت يعمل بأكبر رأيه فإن لم يكن له رأي يقض حتى يتيقن أنه لم يبق عليه شيء

 

تبيين الحقائق شرح كنز الدقائق وحاشية الشلبي (1/ 190)

{فَرْعٌ} وَفِي الْحَاوِي لَا يَدْرِي كَمِيَّةَ الْفَوَائِتِ يَعْمَلُ بِأَكْبَرِ رَأْيِهِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ رَأْيٌ يَقْضِي حَتَّى يَسْتَيْقِنَ

 

 

[iii]

آپ کے مسائل اور ان کا حل جلد ٣صفحہ٢٢١

تو لڑکے کے لئے حکم یہ ہے کہ وہ تیرہویں سال کے شروع ہونے سے نماز، روزہ قضا کرے، کیونکہ بارہ سال کا لڑکا بالغ ہوسکتا ہے، اور لڑکی کے لئے حکم یہ ہے کہ وہ نو برس پورے ہونے اور دسویں سال کے شروع ہونے سے نماز، روزہ قضا کرے، کیونکہ نو برس کی لڑکی بالغ ہوسکتی ہے۔

 

 

This answer was collected from Daruliftaazambia.com, which serves as a gateway to Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah – Lusaka, Zambia.

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