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A Child Reading Qur’aan For Esaale-Thawaab

Question:

Can a non baligh child read a part of a juz if the khatam is being read for a purpose eg esaale thawaab?

Answer:

In essence, Esaale-Thawaab can be read by any understanding person for the living or dead.  Based on this, the recitation of Quraan by an understanding non-baaligh child for the deceased will be regarded as Esaale-Thawaab and is permissible.  Regarding making Quraan Khatams for the deceased, it would be better if this could be done on an individual basis and according to one’s capacity (not by invitation, in groups).

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

الْأَصْلُ فِي هَذَا الْبَابِ أَنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَهُ أَنْ يَجْعَلَ ثَوَابَ عَمَلِهِ لِغَيْرِهِ صَلَاةً كَانَ أَوْ صَوْمًا أَوْ صَدَقَةً أَوْ غَيْرَهَا كَالْحَجِّ وَقِرَاءَةِ الْقُرْآنِ وَالْأَذْكَارِ وَزِيَارَةِ قُبُورِ الْأَنْبِيَاءِ – عَلَيْهِمْ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ – وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَالْأَوْلِيَاءِ وَالصَّالِحِينَ وَتَكْفِينِ الْمَوْتَى وَجَمِيعِ أَنْوَاعِ الْبِرِّ، كَذَا فِي غَايَةِ السُّرُوجِيِّ شَرْحِ الْهِدَايَةِ (الفتاوى الهندية ج١ ص٢٥٧)

. وَفِي الْبَحْرِ: مَنْ صَامَ أَوْ صَلَّى أَوْ تَصَدَّقَ وَجَعَلَ ثَوَابَهُ لِغَيْرِهِ مِنْ الْأَمْوَاتِ وَالْأَحْيَاءِ جَازَ، وَيَصِلُ ثَوَابُهَا إلَيْهِمْ عِنْدَ أَهْلِ السُّنَّةِ وَالْجَمَاعَةِ كَذَا فِي الْبَدَائِعِ، ثُمَّ قَالَ: وَبِهَذَا عُلِمَ أَنَّهُ لَا فَرْقَ بَيْنَ أَنْ يَكُونَ الْمَجْعُولُ لَهُ مَيِّتًا أَوْ حَيًّا (رد المحتار على الدر المختار ج٢ ص٢٤٣)

[1]  سمجھدار بچے بھی ایصال ثواب کرسکتے  ہیں (فتاویٰ محمودیہ ج9 ص243)

This answer was collected from the official Ifta website of Darul Uloom Azaadville, South Africa. Most of the answers are checked and approved by Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

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