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Making up missed rakaats in salaat, joining late, and sajda sahw.

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

If a person joins the salaat late, and forgets to get up to complete their missed salaat, what should the person do? If, after making salaam with the Imaam, the person looks to one side and then remembers his error and gets up, completes his salaat, with sajd-e-sahu, is his salaat valid?

Answer

Yes, his Salaat is valid. The condition in this instance is that his chest
must not turn away from the Qiblah. If this happens, or if he talks, then
his Salaat will break and he will have to repeat.

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
FATWA DEPT.

1. A person who has missed any Rakaat and then joined the Jamaat should
continue the Salaat with the Imaam to the end. Once the Imaam turns to say
the second Salaam, the Masbooq should stand up and complete the missed
number of Rakaats.
2. If the Masbooq has missed two Rakaats in Fajr, Dhuhr, Asr or Esha, he
should complete both the Rakaats by reciting Surah Faatiha and another Surah
in both the Rakaats.
3. If the three Rakaats were missed, the Masbooq should stand up and read
Surah Faatiha and a Surah in the first Rakaat. After Sajdah (before standing
for the second Rakaat he has to make Qa’adah – sit down – read Tashahhud and
then stand for the second Rakaat. In the second Rakaat, he should recite
Surah Faatiha and a Surah. Complete the second Rakaat without sitting for
Tashahhud. In the third Rakaat, read only Surah Faatiha and complete the
Salaat. Note: in the first Rakaat of the Masbooq (late comer) will recite
Thanaa, Ta’awwudh, Tasmiyah, Surah Faatiha and a Surah.
4. The Masbooq should recite the complete Tashahhud (Attahiyyaat) only. A
simple rule completing missed (whether you joined the Imaam in the third or
fourth Rakaat), when you will stand up (after the Imaam make his second
Salaam. Your first Rakaat which you will be making up for will be the first
Rakaat you have missed with the Imaam. So first, offer those Rakaats in
which there is Qiraat and then those which do not have Qiraat (Surah after
Surah Faatiha). As for the calculation of the Rakaats, it should be done
with that which was made with the Imaam. Then calculate in pairs
accordingly.

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This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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