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Can a husband and wife practice a’zl for the simple reason of spacing of children?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org
Answer

Assalaamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullaahi Wa Barakaatuhu

Contraception (Azl) is permissible on a limited scale for valid reasons –
reasons considered by the Shariáh to be valid. The circumstances which will
permit reversible and permanent contraception differ.

REVERSIBLE CONTRACEPTION
Among the reasons accepted by the Shariáh as valid for practising reversible
contraception are:
? Physical weakness.
? Sickness.
? The wife maintaining her beauty or figure for the sake of her husband.
? The couple being on a journey or in a distant land.
? Adverse political conditions, e.g. children are forcibly separated from
their parents as is advocated by communism; etc.
? The couple decide to separate in the near future.
? The wife is an immoral person.

There are valid grounds for practising reversible contraception. Poverty or
the fear of poverty are not valid reasons for contraception. It is not
permissible to practice contraception on account of a fear of not being able
to provide for a large family. Such a fear is an attribute of non-Muslims.
According to the Qurãn Shareef: ‘There is not a living creature, but its
sustenance is the responsibility of Allah.’

Similarly desire to curb sexual desire which may stem out of piety is not a
lawful ground for contraception. If practised for any reason which is
unlawful in Islam, then contraception will likewise be unlawful, e.g. for
indulgence in illicit sex.

PERMANENT CONTRACEPTION
Permanent contraception is permissible only if the woman’s life is in danger
or her health is seriously threatened.

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
FATWA DEPT.

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