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Question: Must One Make-up All Missed Prayers even if they have Repented?

Answered as per Shafi'i Fiqh by Shafiifiqh.com


Assalamu Alykum!

I want to ask that if a person makes tawbah (repentance) for all of his previous missed prayers (salats) and after that never misses his next prayers (salats),then in this case is there any need to make-up previous missed prayers?

Please guide me according to Shafi Fiqh. Thank you.


الحمد لله رب العالمين ، وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين، وبالله التوفيق

Salah is one of the pillars of Islam and the most important and virtuous action after iman (belief). It is consensus of the ummat that the five times daily salahs is fardh ʿayn (individual obligation) (al-Majmūʿ: 3: 6).

Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah (radiya Allahu ‘anhu) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “The five (daily) salah (prayers) and the Friday (prayer) to the Friday (prayer) expiate whatever sins may be committed in between, so long as major sins are avoided.” [Sahih Muslim].

Sayyiduna Jabir t reported, the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “Between a man and, polytheist and disbelief is the abandonment of Salah (prayer).” [Sahih Muslim].

Five times daily fardh salahs are compulsory for those who fulfilled these conditions:

1. Muslim

2. Mature

3. Sane

4. Pure from haidh (menstruation) and nifas (post-natal bleeding). (al-Iqnaʿ li al-Khatib)

Whoever fulfilled the conditions above and missed out a salah in its prescribed time without any valid excuse, it is compulsory for him to make taubah and to carry out the missed salah (qaḍāʾ) immediately (al-Majmūʿ: 3: 53).

Sayyiduna Anas (radiya Allahu ‘anhu) narrated that Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “Whoever forgot a salah, he should perform it when he remembers.” [al-Bukhari]

If the amount of missed salahs are many, you may leave out the sunnah salah and carry out the missed salah (qaḍāʾ) before and after every fardh salah, and whenever you find time for it.

والله تعالى أعلم

Allah Most High knows best.

Answered by:

Abdullah Muhammad al-Marbuqi al-Shafi‘i.

Checked by:

Al-Ustadh Muhammad Fauzi al-Shāfi’ī

This answer was collected from Shafiifiqh.com which was a repository of Islamic answers as per the Shafi’i madhhab. The website no longer functions. At its peak, many ‘ulama were involved with the site including Shaykh Mawlana Taha Karaan, Shaykh Abdul-Fattah ibn Abdullah, and Shaykh AbdurRagman Khan.

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