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Listening to and Watching Bayanat of Namehram Individuals

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by ShariahBoard.org

Assalamualaikum Warahmatullah Mufti Sahib,

In this era everyone (including me) is using social media as platform to share the knowledge and information including phone applications to share audio or video clips of different bayanat. Recently some of my friends have been sharing audios and videos with me which contain soft spoken female voice speaking about the akhirah and the conditions of grave. In some of these videos the females also appear in full make up. When I objected to the friends who had shared it with me, they said to me that you are just listening to their voice so it is considered permissible. But I think that it is not just listening, it is listening to and watching a namehram give a talk in a soft spoken female voice. My question is, is this not a fitnah as it involves the sin of bad-nazri and listening to the voice of a namehram? Please guide me in the light of Quran and Hadith of Rasulullah Sallallaho Alyhi Wasallam.

الجواب وباللہ التوفیق

Assalamualaikum Warahmatullah

Mingling of females (with or without makeup) with namehram men in a program, participating in reciting na‘at or any other similar activity, then making videos of such activities, appearing on tv channels etc. without pardah, then men listening to or watching and enjoying it and forwarding it to others through messages are actions which are based on vulgarity and immorality and considered as abominable actions. On one hand it contains the sin of making pictures and videos of animate objects while on the other hand it is considered as a shameless act and propagation of shamelessness. Therefore, these actions are considered as impermissible and refraining from them is an absolute need for us. Quran and hadith stops us from such actions with sever reprimand and rebuke:

وَقَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلَا تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ الْأُولَى الخ(الاحزاب:۳۳)

Translation: Remain in your homes, and do not display (your) beauty as it used to be displayed in the days of earlier ignorance

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُحِبُّونَ أَنْ تَشِيعَ الْفَاحِشَةُ فِي الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ وَأَنْتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ(النور:۱۹)

Translation: Surely, those who like that lewdness spreads among the believers, for them there is painful punishment in this world and the Hereafter. Allah knows, and you do not know.

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالْإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَى وَيَنْهَى عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ(النحل:۹۰)

TranslationAllah enjoins to do justice and to adopt good behavior and to give relatives (their due rights), and forbids shameful acts, evil deeds and oppressive attitude. He exhorts you, so that you may be mindful.

فقط واللہ اعلم بالصواب

This answer was collected from Shariahboard.org. It was established under the supervision of the eminent faqih of our era, Hazrat Shah Mufti Mohammed Navalur Rahman damat barakatuhum.

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