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Prayer: Clarifying Some Sunnas and Wajibs

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Clarifying some sunnas and wajibs

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Walaikum assalam,

1. If you are using “Salvation of the Soul…” it is a bad translation with serious errors. Talimul Haq (available online; search for it on www.google.com) is better in terms of accuracy.

>In Nur-al-Idhaa, in the section explaining the sunnats of salah, the following points are mentioned as being sunnat: [23-24] Lifting up the head from the bowing and then to stand up at ease.

{Q: From this statement, can one understand that if a musalli does not raise his head from ruku’ and goes into sajdah from bowing, then his prayer would be correct but makruh? The musalli missed the wajib of being at ease in the standing after the ruku’ before going into sajdah, therefore is a sajda as-sahu due in this case? Also, can it be understood from this that if a musalli raises up partially and then goes into sajdah, that his prayer would be valid?)

The transmitted position of the madhhab (dhahir al-riwaya) is that raising one’ head from ruku` is a confirmed sunna. Therefore, leaving it out would be blameworthy and disliked. Making it a habit to leave it out would be sinful.

However, most of the later scholars accepted Imam Kamal ibn al-Humam’s preference of a lesser narration from Imam Abu Hanifa that raising one’s read from ruku` is necessary (wajib), because of the evidence. Therefore, leaving it out would be sinful. If it happened accidentally, one would have to perform forgetfulness prostrations. If intentionally, one would have to repent and repeat the prayer. [Among those who followed al-Kamal in this position are the authors of al-Bahr, al-Nahr, Ibn Abidin, and others.]

>[35] Perfection of the rising up from prostration. (Q: What does ‘perfection’ mean in this case?)

Rising completely, and remaining motionless for a moment therein.

>[36-37] Sitting between two prostrations and putting the hands on the thighs in the state of this sitting, just as a devotee does this when he reads the Witnessing. (Q: If one misses the jalsah in between the two sajdahs, will the musalli need to perform the sajda as-sahu [because it is wajib to sit at ease in the jalsah]?)

It is obligatory to actually rise from the prostration, such that one is closer to sitting. According to Imam Kamal ibn al-Humam and those who followed him, it is wajib to remain motionless therein for a moment… Leaving a wajib forgetfully requires forgetfulness prostrations. Otherwise, one would have to repeat the prayer and repent.

>Nur al-Idhaa, in the wajibats of salah, it states the following act as being wajib: [7] Performance of all pillars of the ritual prayer peacefully and at ease. (Q: So if one shoots in and out of sajdah and ruku’ very quickly (i.e. when time becomes constraint for performing a fard prayer), will he be going against this wajib? Can one understood from this wajib, that it is wajib for a musalli to move slowly and not fast into ruku’ and sajdah and that going fast into ruku and sajdah would go against this wajib?)

This is another case of mistranslation and misunderstanding from the author of the text.

The wajib is to remain motionless, even if only a moment, in the different parts of the prayer.

This has nothing to do with “moving slowly,” though this does not befit the proper manners of prayer.

Faraz Rabbani

This answer was indexed from Qibla.com, which used to have a repository of Islamic Q&A answered by various scholars. The website is no longer in existence. It has now been transformed into a learning portal with paid Islamic course offering under the brand of Kiflayn.

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