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Completing the Takbeer before the Imaam in Salaah

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q:

  1. If when following the Imaam, the Imaam says allahu akbar to go to sajdah and you say it only when he says it but finished before he did. Is the salaah accepted? An is this for all takbeer and salaam? 
  2. If you proceed for sajdah only after the Imaam or same time but you are there before he is. Is the salaah valid?

Bismillaah

A: 

  1. The salaah is valid. However, it is not appropriate to complete the takbeer for sajdah before the takbeer of the imaam. This will apply to all other takbeers that are in the salaah. However, if one completes the takbeer-e-tahreema before the imaam could complete his, then such a salaah is not valid. If the muqtadee has said the word salaam before the imaam ended the word salaam, then this is wrong.
  2. As above.

ومن انتهى إلى الإمام في ركوعه فكبر ووقف حتى رفع الإمام رأسه لا يصير مدركا لتلك الركعة خلافا لزفر رحمه الله هو يقول أدرك الإمام فيما له حكم القيام فصار كما لو أدركه في حقيقة القيام ولنا أن الشرط هو المشاركة في أفعال الصلاة ولم يوجد لا في القيام ولا في الركوع ولو ركع المقتدي قبل إمامه فأدركه الإمام فيه جاز وقال زفر رحمه الله لا يجزئه لأن ما أتى به قبل الإمام غير معتد به فكذا ما يبنيه عليه ولنا أن الشرط هو المشاركة في جزء واحد كما في الطرف الأول والله أعلم (الهداية 1/ 153)

Answered by:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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