Q: Whom does islam gives the first right to the child if the parents have a fight, the mother or the father? If the mother is ill does that gives a vaild reason for the father to keep the child?
As above. It is the responsibility of both. If one cannot take care completely then the other should fill in. It is not a case of pulling sides.
And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.
Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)