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Raising the Index Finger According to The Hanafi Madhab

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Fatwaa.com

As salamu alaykum,

I have came across this on Sunni Forum:

Ibn Abidin’s quote. He writes in Raddul Muhtar:

كما ذكرت عباراتهم في رسالة سميتها [ رفع التردد في عقد الأصابع عند التشهد ] وحررت فيها أنه ليس لنا سوى قولين : الأول وهو المشهور في المذهب بسط الأصابع بدون إشارة الثاني بسط الأصابع إلى حين الشهادة ، فيعقد عندها ويرفع السبابة عند النفي ويضعها عند الإثبات ، وهذا ما اعتمده المتأخرون لثبوته عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بالأحاديث الصحيحة ولصحة نقله عن أئمتنا الثلاثة

“…As I mentioned their quotes in my book, named: ‘Raf’ut taraddud fi akdil asabi’i indat tashahhud’. And I wrote there that we have only two opinions in this issue:

1. And that’s well known in our madhab, that is, to simply keep the fingers, without Ishara (without making ring and raising finger).
2. Keeping fingers spread until Shahada, then to make ring at that time, and raise forefinger at the time of Nafi (La Ilaha) and keeping it back at Isbat (Illallah). This is what Muta’akhirin have relied on, as it is proved from Prophet (sm) by Sahih ahadith, and as it is reported with truth from our three imams.”

Then he writes in Raf’ut taraddud fi akdil asabi’i indat tashahhud:

و الصحيح المختار عند جمهور اصحابنا انه يضع كفيه علي فخذيه ثم عند وصوله الي كلمة التوحيد يعقد الخنصر و البنصر و يحلق الوسطي و الابهام و يشير بالمسبحة رافعا لها عند النفي و واضعا لها عند الاثبات ثم يستمر علي ذلك لانه ثبت العقد عند الاشارة بلا خلاف و لم يوجد امر بتغييره فالاصل بقاء الشيئ علي ما هو عليه و استصحابه الي اخر امره

“And the Sahih and chosen opinion among the most of our ulama is, to keep fingers on thigh, then upon reaching Kalima Tawhid (Ashhadu alla..), join little finger and ring finger, and make ring with thumb and middle finger, and point out with the index finger at Nafi (La ilaha), and keep it back at Isbat (Illallah). Then continue with this (to the end)…”

It says that it is reported from our three imaams, yet i have not came across such detailed report from our three imaams, do you know of any such report and can you cite them here ?

Was salaam.


Wa’alaykum as Salām wa raḥmatullāhi wa barakātuhu,

As you know, all the books of Imām Muḥammad (May Allah Ta’ala be pleased with him) are not present with us today. Thus, we have to trust what has been transmitted to us. The following is narrated in al-Muḥīṭ al-burhāni, transmitting from a book besides Dhāhir ar-riwāyah: :

ومنهم من قال: يشير، وذكر محمد في غير رواية الأصول حديثاً عن النبي عليه السلام أنه كان يشير، قال محمد: يصنع بصنع النبي عليه السلام، ثم قال هذا قولي وقول أبي حنيفة. (المحيط البرهاني – (1 / 194)

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best
Ismail Moosa (Mufti)
Iftaa Department,
Euro-Sunni & Islamic Research and Welfare Academy

This answer was collected from Fatwaa.com which is an excellent Q&A site managed by Mufti Ismail Moosa from South Africa. .

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