IslamQA

Travel in iddaah

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Fatwaa.com

Assalaamualaikum
I am in iddaah for a month now,I was staying with my husband in another town when he gave me my talaqs. My family felt I should come home to serve my iddah, so I did but now they can’t support me and I have a job where I was staying with my husband and a home , his no longer there so am I allowed to travel back and go back to work?
Also my in laws offered for me to stay with them and they will support me until my iddah is over, is this allowed? Will I be able to go and stay by them?

Jazakaallah

Answer

Wa’alaykum as Salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu,

As long as you will not be intermingling with any non-Mahrams, you can go by your in laws. Since they will be taking care of your expenses, there will not be any need for you to go out to work.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best

Wassalaam,

Ismail Moosa (Mufti)

References

 بَاب مَا يجب على الْمُعْتَدَّة

الْمُعْتَدَّة إِمَّا إِن كَانَت عَن طَلَاق أَو عَن وَفَاة

فَإِن كَانَت عَن طَلَاق يَنْبَغِي لَهَا أَن لَا تخرج من بَيتهَا لَيْلًا وَلَا نَهَارا بل يجب عَلَيْهَا السُّكْنَى فِي الْبَيْت الَّذِي تسكن فِيهِ وَأجر السُّكْنَى وَالنَّفقَة على الزَّوْج

وَأَصله قَوْله تَعَالَى و {لَا تخرجوهن من بُيُوتهنَّ وَلَا يخْرجن إِلَّا أَن يَأْتِين بِفَاحِشَة مبينَة}

وَأما الْمُتَوفَّى عَنْهَا زَوجهَا فَلَا بَأْس بِأَن تخرج بِالنَّهَارِ فِي حوائجها وَلَا تبيت فِي غير منزلهَا الَّذِي تَعْتَد فِيهِ لِأَن نَفَقَتهَا عَلَيْهَا فتحتاج إِلَى الْخُرُوج لإِصْلَاح أمرهَا

وَعَن مُحَمَّد لَا بَأْس بِأَن تبيت فِي غير بَيتهَا أقل من نصف اللَّيْل لِأَن البيتوتة عبارَة عَن السّكُون فِي الْمَكَان أَكثر اللَّيْل فِي الْعرف { تحفة الفقهاء، ج 2، ص 249}

قَالَ: (وَلَا تَخْرُجُ الْمَبْتُوتَةُ مِنْ بَيْتِهَا لَيْلًا وَلَا نَهَارًا) لِقَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى: {لا تُخْرِجُوهُنَّ مِنْ بُيُوتِهِنَّ وَلا يَخْرُجْنَ} [الطلاق:1] ، وَلِأَنَّ نَفَقَتَهَاوَاجِبَةٌ عَلَى الزَّوْجِ فَلَا حَاجَةَ لَهَا إِلَى الْخُرُوجِ كَالزَّوْجَةِ، حَتَّى لَوْاخْتَلَعَتْ عَلَى أَنْ لَا نَفَقَةَ لَهَا قِيلَ تَخْرُجُ نَهَارًا لِمَعَاشِهَا، وَقِيلَ لَا وَهُوَالْأَصَحُّ، لِأَنَّهَا اخْتَارَتْ إِسْقَاطَ نَفَقَتِهَا فَلَا يُؤَثِّرُ فِي إِبْطَالِ حَقِّالْمُخْتَلِعَةِ عَلَيْهَا عَلَى أَنْ لَا سُكْنَى لَهَا لَا يَجُوزُ لَهَا  الْخُرُوجُ.

قَالَ: (وَالْمُعْتَدَّةُ عَنْ وَفَاةٍ تَخْرُجُ نَهَارًا وَبَعْضَ اللَّيْلِ وَتَبِيتُ فِيمَنْزِلِهَا) لِأَنَّهُ لَا نَفَقَةَ لَهَا فَتَضْطَرُّ إِلَى الْخُرُوجِ لِإِصْلَاحِ مَعَاشِهَا وَرُبَّمَاامْتَدَّ ذَلِكَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ. وَعَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ لَا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ تَبِيتَ فِي غَيْرِ مَنْزِلِهَاأَقَلَّ مِنْ نِصْفِ اللَّيْلِ لِمَا بَيَّنَّا { الإختيار لتعليل المختار، ج 3،178}.

This answer was collected from Fatwaa.com which is an excellent Q&A site managed by Mufti Ismail Moosa from South Africa. .

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