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Plucking neighbor’s fruit

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DaruliftaaZambia.com

Question

ASSALAMOALAIKUM Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh….just wanted to ask a branch of a lemon tree from our neighbors is coming in our yard is it permissible to break lemons without asking from the neighbors? Pliz advice…. your earliest response will highly be appreciated

And what if we broke the lemons without their permission what’s the ruling?

 

JAZAKALLAHUKHAIRAN

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The tree protruding into one’s yard belongs to the one who planted it. It is not permissible to pluck the fruits from the neighbour’s tree without the owner’s consent. [1]

If lemons were plucked without the neighbour’s consent, the neighbour should be informed and the fruits should be returned. If the neighbour gives consent to pluck the fruits, then one may do so.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Mufti Muhammad Patel

Checked and Approved by
Mufti Nabeel Valli

Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah


Lusaka, Zambia

[1]

مجلة الأحكام العدلية (ص: 231)

الْمَادَّةُ (1196) إذَا امْتَدَّتْ أَغْصَانُ شَجَرِ بُسْتَانِ أَحَدٍ إلَى دَارِ جَارِهِ أَوْ بُسْتَانِهِ فَلِلْجَارِ أَنْ يُكَلِّفَهُ تَفْرِيغَ هَوَائِهِ بِرَبْطِ الْأَغْصَانِ وَجَرِّهَا إلَى الْوَرَاءِ أَوْ قَطْعِهَا. وَلَكِنْ لَا تُقْطَعُ الشَّجَرَةُ بِدَاعِي أَنَّ ظِلَّهَا مُضِرٌّ بِمَزْرُوعَاتِ بُسْتَانِ الْجَارِ

 

المحيط البرهاني في الفقه النعماني (6/ 222)

المسألة الثالثة: إذا غرس شجراً في طريق العامة، والحكم فيها: أن الشجرة للغارس؛ لأنه ليس له ولاية جعل للعامة

 

المسألة الرابعة: إذا غرس شجراً على شط نهر العامة أو على شط حوض القرية، فالحكم فيها كالحكم في المسألة الثالثة

 

فتاوی محمودیہ جلد 12/330

اس گرنے کی وجہ سے وہ پھل زید کی ملکیت سے خارج نہیں ہوا،بغیر مالک کی اجازت کے ا س کا لینا اور کھانا درست نہیں

This answer was collected from Daruliftaazambia.com, which serves as a gateway to Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah – Lusaka, Zambia.

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