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Is lobster halal?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DaruliftaaZambia.com

Question

Assalaamu alykum

Mufti sab is lobster halaal to eat for a Hanafi (person who follows imam Abu hanifa R.A. in fiqh)?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is only permissible to consume what is classified as fish from amongst the sea creatures. Lobsters are classified as crustaceans. Hence, it is not permissible to consume lobsters.[1]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Checked and Approved by

Mufti Nabeel Valli.

Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah

Lusaka, Zambia

www.daruliftaazambia.com

________________________

[1] الاختيار لتعليل المختار (5/ 18) – دار المعرفة

 وَلَا يُؤْكَلُ مِنْ حَيَوَانِ الْمَاءِ إِلَّا السَّمَكُ

(شرح:) قَالَ: (وَلَا يُؤْكَلُ مِنْ حَيَوَانِ الْمَاءِ إِلَّا السَّمَكُ) لِأَنَّهُ مَيْتَةٌ فَيَحْرُمُ بِالنَّصِّ، وَإِنَّمَا حَلَّ السَّمَكُ بِمَا رُوِّينَا مِنَ الْحَدِيثِ وَأَنَّهُ يَشْمَلُ جَمِيعَ أَنْوَاعِهِ الْجِرِّيثَ وَالْمَارَمَاهِي وَغَيْرِهِمَا. وَعَنِ النَّبِيِّ – عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ -: «أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنِ الضُّفْدَعِ يُجْعَلُ شَحْمُهُ فِي الدَّوَاءِ فَنَهَى عَنْ قَتْلِ الضُّفْدَعِ وَقَالَ: خَبِيثَةٌ مِنَ الْخَبَائِثِ» 

تبيين الحقائق شرح كنز الدقائق وحاشية الشلبي (5/ 296)

قَالَ – رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ – (وَلَا يُؤْكَلُ مَائِيٌّ إلَّا السَّمَكَ غَيْرَ طَافٍ) وَقَالَ مَالِكٌ يُؤْكَلُ جَمِيعُ حَيَوَانِ الْمَاءِ وَاسْتَثْنَى بَعْضُهُمْ الْخِنْزِيرَ وَالسِّبَاعَ وَالْكَلْبَ وَالْإِنْسَانَ وَعَنْ الشَّافِعِيِّ أَنَّهُ أَبَاحَ ذَلِكَ كُلَّهُ قَالَ صَاحِبُ الْهِدَايَةِ الْخِلَافُ فِي الْأَكْلِ وَالْبَيْعِ وَاحِدٌ وَيَنْبَغِي أَنْ يَجُوزَ بَيْعُهُ بِالْإِجْمَاعِ لِطَهَارَتِهِ


This answer was collected from Daruliftaazambia.com, which serves as a gateway to Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah – Lusaka, Zambia.

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