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Talaq Under the Influence of Jinns and Sihr

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by: Alimah Zainab Nakhuda

Question:

My question is about talaq. Unfortunately, in the past 1 year between me and my wife started having problems. She came out of her senses sometimes. Without any reason angry and violent. Many times she tried to attempt suicide. When we did nikah I gave her the right of one talaq. Now because of this situation as I said we reached the point of talaq. First talaq I gave her in words. Then after the first period, she gave me the 2nd talaq. And then after that, I gave her 3rd talaq in written only. After we came to know that she was under the effect of a jinn that wanted to destroy her life and she saw and speak with this jinn too. And this Jin accepted that all that has happened is because of him because he was controlling her mind. My wife says that she was not understanding what she is doing and didnโ€™t remember herself. Now we want to do โ€œrujooโ€. Because we understand that it was all due to the bad effects of magic. So my question is while my wife was not in a good state of mind is the talaq that she gave me is valid?? Is there any solution for rujoo for us?? Kindly help me with this matter. We have a 4 years daughter also.

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Answer:

The 2 divorces which you had issued will be valid, as there is no reason to consider them invalid (insanity, sleep, etc.) If your wife is still in her Iddah period, and if the divorce you issued was a revocable divorce (Talaaq Rajโ€™ee) (ie. you issued the divorce using clear words of divorce like I divorce you1), then you can do Rujooโ€™ from these 2 divorces, and your wife will remain in your Nikaah; there will be no need to repeat the Nikaah2.

As for the divorce that was issued by your wife, we will not count it as a valid divorce (it did not occur), due to her being under the effects of the Jinn at the time. We will consider her to be Majnoon/Madhawsh, ie. she was not in control of her actions. This can further be confirmed because you mentioned that your wife did not understand what she was doing, and did not remember the incident afterwards3.

Hence, only 2 out of the 3 divorces have occurred. You can do Rujooโ€™ if your wife is still in her Iddah. And if she has completed her Iddah, you can redo the Nikaah and continue the marriage if you both wish to do so. Care should be taken however in the future because if you ever divorce her again, she will become completely Haraam for you, and it will not be permissible for you to remarry her.

Only Allah knows best.

Written by Alimah Zainab Nakhuda

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

References

1 Al Binaayah, page 306, Volume 5, Maktabah Shamela

ู…: (ูุงู„ุตุฑูŠุญ ู‚ูˆู„ู‡) ุด: ุฃูŠ ู‚ูˆู„ ุงู„ุฑุฌู„ ู„ุงู…ุฑุฃุชู‡ ู…: (ุฃู†ุช ุทุงู„ู‚ ูˆู…ุทู„ู‚ุฉ ูˆุทู„ู‚ุชูƒุŒ ูู‡ุฐุง ูŠู‚ุน ุจู‡ ุงู„ุทู„ุงู‚ ุงู„ุฑุฌุนูŠ) ุด: ุฃูŠ ุงู„ุทู„ุงู‚ ุงู„ุฑุฌุนูŠ

ย 

2 Al Binaayah, page 455, Volume 5, Maktabah Shamela

ู…: (ูˆุฅุฐุง ุทู„ู‚ ุงู„ุฑุฌู„ ุงู…ุฑุฃุชู‡ ุชุทู„ูŠู‚ุฉ ุฑุฌุนูŠุฉ ุฃูˆ ุชุทู„ูŠู‚ุชูŠู† ูู„ู‡ ุฃู† ูŠุฑุงุฌุนู‡ุง ููŠ ุนุฏุชู‡ุงุŒ ุฑุถูŠุช ุจุฐู„ูƒ ุฃูˆ ู„ู… ุชุฑุถ) ุด: ูˆู‡ุฐุง ุจุฅุฌู…ุงุน ุฃู‡ู„ ุงู„ุนู„ู… ู…: (ู„ูู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ {ููŽุฃูŽู…ู’ุณููƒููˆู‡ูู†ูŽู‘ ุจูู…ูŽุนู’ุฑููˆูู} [ุงู„ุจู‚ุฑุฉ: ูขูฃูก] ุด: ู…: (ุงู„ุจู‚ุฑุฉ: ุงู„ุขูŠุฉ ูขูฃูก) ุด: ุงู„ุฅู…ุณุงูƒ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฅุจู‚ุงุกุŒ

ย 

3 Raddul Muhtaar, page 242-243, Volume 5, Maktabah Shamela

(ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽู‚ูŽุนู ุทูŽู„ูŽุงู‚ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽู‰ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู…ู’ุฑูŽุฃูŽุฉู ุนูŽุจู’ุฏูู‡ู)โ€ฆ(ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุฌู’ู†ููˆู†ู) โ€ฆ(ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุฏู’ู‡ูŽุดู)

(ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุฌู’ู†ููˆู†ู) ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ู„ู’ูˆููŠุญู: ุงู„ู’ุฌูู†ููˆู†ู ุงุฎู’ุชูู„ูŽุงู„ู ุงู„ู’ู‚ููˆูŽู‘ุฉู ุงู„ู’ู…ูู…ูŽูŠูู‘ุฒูŽุฉู ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฃูู…ููˆุฑู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุณูŽู†ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุจููŠุญูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุฏู’ุฑููƒูŽุฉู ู„ูู„ู’ุนูŽูˆูŽุงู‚ูุจูุŒ ุจูุฃูŽู†ู’ ู„ูŽุง ุชูŽุธู’ู‡ูŽุฑูŽ ุขุซูŽุงุฑูู‡ู ูˆูŽุชูŽุชูŽุนูŽุทูŽู‘ู„ู ุฃูŽูู’ุนูŽุงู„ูู‡ูŽุงุŒ ุฅู…ูŽู‘ุง ู„ูู†ูู‚ู’ุตูŽุงู†ู ุฌูŽุจูŽู„ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุฏูู…ูŽุงุบูู‡ู ูููŠ ุฃูŽุตู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุฎูู„ู’ู‚ูŽุฉูุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู…ูŽู‘ุง ู„ูุฎูุฑููˆุฌู ู…ูุฒูŽุงุฌู ุงู„ุฏูู‘ู…ูŽุงุบู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุงู„ูุงุนู’ุชูุฏูŽุงู„ู ุจูุณูŽุจูŽุจู ุฎูŽู„ู’ุทู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุขููŽุฉูุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู…ูŽู‘ุง ู„ูุงุณู’ุชููŠู„ูŽุงุกู ุงู„ุดูŽู‘ูŠู’ุทูŽุงู†ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุฅูู„ู’ู‚ูŽุงุกู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูŠูŽุงู„ูŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ููŽุงุณูุฏูŽุฉู ุฅู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุจูุญูŽูŠู’ุซู ูŠูŽูู’ุฑูŽุญู ูˆูŽูŠูŽูู’ุฒูŽุนู ู…ูู†ู’ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽุตู’ู„ูุญู ุณูŽุจูŽุจู‹ุง. ุงู‡ู€. ูˆูŽูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุญู’ุฑู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุงู†ููŠูŽู‘ุฉู: ุฑูŽุฌูู„ูŒ ุนูŽุฑูŽููŽ ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุฌู’ู†ููˆู†ู‹ุง ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽุชู’ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุงู…ู’ุฑูŽุฃูŽุชูู‡ู: ุทูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‚ู’ุชูŽู†ููŠ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุงุฑูุญูŽุฉูŽ ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ุฃูŽุตูŽุงุจูŽู†ููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฌูู†ููˆู†ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุนู’ุฑููู ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุฅู„ูŽู‘ุง ุจูู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ู ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ู ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽู‡ู. ุงู‡ู€.

This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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