After Passing Urine or Stool Will It Suffice to Do Istinja With Only Tissue Paper or Water

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by: Shaykh Umer Khan


السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

After passing urine or stool will it suffice to do istinja with only tissue paper or water?

I tend to use both, however sometimes at toilets there are only one of the two items available.

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful


As you already normally do, it is best to use both water and toilet paper (i.e. a dry object). After this, the second-best option is to use water only. If not available, then you may use toilet paper only, but the Ḥanafī position is that you may only do this if the amount of najāsah (filth) being cleaned is small. If the amount of urine left on the body is estimated to be greater than the inner palm of your hand (approximately 6 cm), or the amount of stool is greater than a mithqāl (5 grams), then the toilet paper alone is considered insufficient, and water is required. (Raddu Al-Muḥtar, 1/337-338)

Only Allah knows best

Written by Shaykh Umer Khan

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

This answer was collected from, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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