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Fasting an Extra Day at the End of the Month of Ramadhan

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by: Mufti Muddasser Dhedhy

Question:

Salam,

1. In the case of a person fasting 31 days. What is the hukm of this additional fast? Is it considered Ramadan fast (fardh) or is it nafl fast or something else?

2a) This is because if it is considered fardh or wajib a woman will have to do qadha of it if she misses it due to haidh.

b) If it is Nafl, then a woman can intend to do her qadha fast that day. Is that correct?

Please can you reference your answer from Hanafi kitabs.

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Answer:

1) This day will have to be fasted, though it will be considered to be a Nafl fast.[1]

2a) Given that it is a Nafl fast if a woman misses it due to Haid she will not have to do Qadha of it.

2b) Although this fast will be a Nafl fast, given that this day is still a day of Ramadan this fast will be considered to be of Ramadan and therefore one cannot fast it with the intention of Qadha.[2]

Only Allah Ta’ala knows best.

Written by Mufti Muddasser  Dhedhy

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham


[1][تَنْبِيهٌ] : لَوْ صَامَ رَائِي هِلَالِ رَمَضَانَ وَأَكْمَلَ الْعِدَّةَ لَمْ يُفْطِرْ إلَّا مَعَ الْإِمَامِ لِقَوْلِهِ – عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ – «صَوْمُكُمْ يَوْمَ تَصُومُونَ وَفِطْرُكُمْ يَوْمَ تُفْطِرُونَ» رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ وَغَيْرُهُ وَالنَّاسُ لَمْ يُفْطِرُوا فِي مِثْلِ هَذَا الْيَوْمِ فَوَجَبَ أَنْ لَا يُفْطِرَ نَهْرٌ. (رد المحتار ج 3 ص 351. دار الكتب العلمية)

كتاب النوازل ج 6 ص 334. المركز العلمي للنشر و التحقيق لال باغ مراد آباد

اب كى مسائل اور ان كا حل ج 4 ص 646-647. مكتبة لدهيانوى

فتاوى محمودية ج 10 ص 37. دار الإفتاء جامعة فاروقية كراتشي

فتاوى رحيمية ج 4 ص 215. دار الاشاعت

[2]وَإِذَا نَوَى وَاجِبًا آخَرَ فِي يَوْمِ رَمَضَانَ يَقَعُ عَنْ رَمَضَانَ. (الفتاوى الهندية ج 1 ص 216 دار الكتب العلمية)

This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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