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Can I give my zakat to my sister?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta-Deoband.com

my sister’s husband is tailor by profession having single sewing machine on which he does his tailoring worke and make both the ends meet of his & his family consisting of his wife (my sister)& his four children that is three daughters & one son in the age group of 14 to 4 years,three childrens are school going,my sister is having 3 1/4 tolas of gold & about 250 grm.of silver ,(it is pertinent to enlighten certain past incident)at the time of marriage of my sister, gold jewellery of about six tola was given to her ,but due to financial difficulties she had to sell her ornaments to fulfill the requirment of her joint family ,it is also pertinent to bring to your kind notice that my sister is residing in a house admeasuring about 12×10 sq.ft.with wooden loft which is a tenanted house of mahada belong to her father in law & my sisters father in law’s brother is also equally entitle in the said tenanted house & residing with his family & my sisters father in law’s four sons are also residing in the same tenanted house,my sister’s husband’s financial postion is not sound & further he doesn’t have his own shelter.in view of the aforesaid facts & circumstances whether i can give my zakat to my sister ,as i thought that my substantial amount of zakat will slightly improve her lot .therefore i request you kindly give me your opinion in respect of my afore said query.


(Fatwa: 1875/D=298/K=1430)

Instead of the misely condition of your sister, when she has some gold and silver total value of which (both the gold and silver) is equal to the value of 52.5 tola silver, then Zakah is wajib on her. She cannot receive Zakah, hence you cannot give her your Zakah. But if your sister’s husband is poor and his assets (cash money) or gold, silver or business goods do not reach equal to 52.5 tola silver, then you can give Zakah to her husband.

Allah (Subhana Wa Ta’ala) knows Best

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

This answer was collected from the official ifta website of Darul Uloom Deoband in India.

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