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Divide rental income per Quran & Sunnah after father’s death?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta-Deoband.com
I wanted to know how the income (in term of rental money) of father and property should be distributed among 3 children (2 sons and 1 daughter) and wife after the death of our father, in the light of Quran and Sunnah. We wanted to settle things before his death.

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

(Fatwa: 1475/1134/B=11/1434)

A father is the owner of his property and income during his lifetime. His children do not have any share or right in it. Only after the death of father his children shall become eligible in his property. Hence now the distribution of father’s inheritance and the division of heirs is not correct. If at the time of your father’s death only the said heirs were alive then after the death of your father the amount of rent and the value of property shall be divided into 40 shares. Out of total, eights part i.e. 5 shares shall go to his wife, 14-14 shares to each son and the daughter shall receive 7 shares. The Shariah division is as follows:

Wife: 1×05=05
Sons: 2×14=28
Daughter: 1×01=07
Total: 40

Allah knows Best!

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

This answer was collected from the official ifta website of Darul Uloom Deoband in India.

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