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What are the time limit in which each salat can be prayed. Which times are strictly forbidden for saying pray. Is sajdah sahu compulsory if forget to sit for Tashud in 2nd rakat in 4 rakat salat.

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org
Answer

Salaat must be offered at fixed time. Allah Ta’ala says in the noble
Qur’aan, ‘Salaat at set time has been made a duty on the believers.’ (Surah
An-Nisaa 4:103)

Timings of Salaat are:

Fajr
From true dawn until just before sunrise.

Preferable to offer when it is light, not very dark, but preferable to delay
on cloudy day.

Dhuhr
After midday until afternoon (when a shadow of a vertical object is twice
it’s length plus the meridian shadow).

Preferable to offer in summer after the intense heat rays elapse. In winter
at the beginning time but preferable to delay on cloudy day.

Asr
From late afternoon (when a shadow of a vertical object is twice it’s length
plus the meridian shadow) until just before sunset.

Preferable to delay to such an extent that the sun does not turn yellow but
preferable to offer a bit early on cloudy day.

Maghrib
After sunset until daylight ends.

Preferable to offer immediately after sunset and not to delay to the extent
that many stars begin to appear in the sky but preferable to delay on cloudy
day.

Ishaa
Night (after twilight) until dawn.

Preferable to offer before one third of the night passes.

[ Mufti Ismail Kachholvi, UK ]

Forbidden times for Salaat:
a) Sunrise, b) Zawaal (midday), c) Sunset.

Makrooh times:
After the Fardh Fajr and Asr Salaats, it is Makrooh to recite any Nafl
(optional) Salaat. However, Qadhaa Salaat, Sajda-e-Tilaawat recited at that
time or Janaaza Salaat could be performed at these times.

Salaat times differ according to places and countries. Thus, contact you
local Ulama for details and further clarification regarding Salaat times.

Sajda-e-Sahw will become Waajib if one forgets to sit for Tashahhud in the
second Rakaat of a 4 Rakaat Salaat.

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

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This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.