Dear Respected Mufti Saheb, Is it permisible to keep dogs, a) For the purpose of breeding and raising puppies thereafter selling them to make money or as a business. b)For guarding or as a pet
Assalaamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatullaahi Wa Barakaatuhu
All creatures are the creation of Allah Taãla and do deserve the recognition
of being a creation of the Almighty. As much as Muslims detest even the
sight of pigs – it is the creation of Allah Taãla – and because Allah has
placed life into it, we cannot inflict pain nor torture the pig.
Similarly Allah Taãla created the dog from among His creation. This does not
mean that we should love the dog. It is perhaps the indoctrination of the
Western culture that ‘The dog is Man’s best Friend’. The theory that ‘dogs
are very dependent on Human affection’ is a myth – again culture and custom
has helped to develop this unnatural behaviour.
Allah Taãla the Creator of this Universe – having created the dog would
surely have known that the dog requires Human affection and love to exist in
this world. Rasulullah (Sallallaaahu Álayhi Wasallam) would have advised us,
Muslims, to keep dogs as pets. On the contrary, we are instructed not to
keep dogs as pets and ‘love’ them as exemplified by the non-Muslims.
Remember our life is structured and bound by the Shariah i.e. The Noble
Qurãn and the beautiful example of Rasulullah (Sallallaaahu Álayhi
Wasallam). Consider these Ahaadith:
Hadhrat Abu Talha (Radhiyallaahu Ánhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallaaahu
Álayhi Wasallam) said, “Angels do not enter a house wherein there is a dog
or an animate picture. (Sahih Bukhari Hadith no. 2986)
Hadhrat Ibn Abbas (Radhiyallaahu Ánhuma) reports from Hadhrat Maimoona
(Radhiyallaahu Ánha) that once Rasulullah (Sallallaaahu Álayhi Wasallam)
became sad; and said that Jibra’eel (Álayhis Salaam) promised to meet him at
night but did not turn up. “By Allah what has kept him back,” said the
Prophet (Sallallaaahu Álayhi Wasallam). Then he realised a puppy was under
his bed. He ordered that the puppy be removed and the area be sprinkled with
water. In the afternoon when Jibra’eel (Álayhi Salaam) came, Rasulullah
(Sallallaaahu Álayhi Wasallam) enquired as to the delay. Jibra’eel (Álayhi
Salaam) said that we, the group of Angels do not enter a house wherein there
is a dog or pictures. (Sahih Muslim Hadith no.3928)
In the light of these Ahaadith and other narrations it is not permissible to
keep dogs as pets. The household is deprived of the Mercy of Allah Taãla.
However, Jurists have stated that it is permissible to keep a dog, sell dogs
and rear them for security purposes, farming and hunting. (Fataawa
Mahmoodiyyah vol.8 pg.263)
The saliva of a dog is Najis (impure). If it touches the clothes or body,
that portion also becomes impure and must be washed.
and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
Mufti Ebrahim Desai