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Can a man marry his niece from his half sister?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Asalamualaykum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa barakatuhu

I would like for you to please clarify whether it is allowed for a man to marry his neice; given that her mother is his real half sister (i.e. they share the same father not mother)? Please respond soon.ย 

Jazakullahu Khayran

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salฤmu โ€˜alaykum wa-rahmatullฤhi wa-barakฤtuh.

It is not permissible for one to marry his niece even if she is from his half-sister.[i][ii] [iii] This prohibition comes from the verse[iv]:

{ุญูุฑู‘ูู…ูŽุชู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ูƒูู…ู’ ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽุงุชููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุจูŽู†ูŽุงุชููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฎูŽูˆูŽุงุชููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุนูŽู…ู‘ูŽุงุชููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฎูŽุงู„ูŽุงุชููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุจูŽู†ูŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฎู ูˆูŽุจูŽู†ูŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ุฃูุฎู’ุชู ูˆูŽุฃูู…ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽุงุชููƒูู…ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽุงุชููŠ ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถูŽุนู’ู†ูŽูƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฎูŽูˆูŽุงุชููƒูู…ู’ ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุถูŽุงุนูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุฃูู…ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽุงุชู ู†ูุณูŽุงุฆููƒูู…ู’}

โ€œProhibited for you are your mothers, yours daughters, your sisters, your paternal aunts, your maternal aunts, your brotherโ€™s daughters, your sisterโ€™s daughters, your foster mothers who breast fed you, your foster sisters, the mothers of your wivesโ€ฆโ€

And Allah Taโ€™ฤla Knows Best

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

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[i] ุจุฏุงุฆุน ุงู„ุตู†ุงุฆุน ููŠ ุชุฑุชูŠุจ ุงู„ุดุฑุงุฆุน (2/ 256-257)

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุชู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุฃู’ุจููŠุฏู ุซูŽู„ูŽุงุซูŽุฉู ุฃูŽู†ู’ูˆูŽุงุนู:

ู…ูุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุชูŒ ุจูุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุฑูŽุงุจูŽุฉู ูˆูŽู…ูุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุชูŒ ุจูุงู„ู’ู…ูุตูŽุงู‡ูŽุฑูŽุฉู ูˆูŽู…ูุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุชูŒ ุจูุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุถูŽุงุนู…….

ูˆูŽุชูุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุฃูŽุฎูŽูˆูŽุงุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽุนูŽู…ู‘ูŽุงุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽุฎูŽุงู„ูŽุงุชูู‡ู ุจูุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุตู‘ู ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ู ุนูŽุฒู‘ูŽ ูˆูŽุฌูŽู„ู‘ูŽ: {ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฎูŽูˆูŽุงุชููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุนูŽู…ู‘ูŽุงุชููƒูู…ู’ ูˆูŽุฎูŽุงู„ุงุชููƒูู…ู’} [ุงู„ู†ุณุงุก: 23] ุณูŽูˆูŽุงุกูŒ ูƒูู†ู‘ูŽ ู„ูุฃูŽุจู ูˆูŽุฃูู…ู‘ู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ู„ูุฃูŽุจู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ู„ูุฃูู…ู‘ู ู„ูุฅูุทู’ู„ูŽุงู‚ู ุงุณู’ู…ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูุฎู’ุชูโ€ฆโ€ฆ.

[ii] ุงู„ู…ุจุณูˆุท ู„ู„ุณุฑุฎุณูŠ (4/ 199)

ูˆูŽุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุงุจูุนู ุจูŽู†ูŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ุฃูุฎู’ุชู ุชูŽุซู’ุจูุชู ุญูุฑู’ู…ูŽุชูู‡ูู†ู‘ูŽ ุจูู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ {ูˆูŽุจูŽู†ูŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ุฃูุฎู’ุชู} [ุงู„ู†ุณุงุก: 23] ูˆูŽูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽูˆููŠ ูููŠ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุฃูŽูˆู‘ูŽู„ู‹ุง ุจูŽู†ูŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ุฃูุฎู’ุชู ู„ูุฃูŽุจู ูˆูŽุฃูู…ู‘ู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ู„ูุฃูŽุจู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ู„ูุฃูู…ู‘ู

[iii] ุจุฏุงุฆุน ุงู„ุตู†ุงุฆุน ููŠ ุชุฑุชูŠุจ ุงู„ุดุฑุงุฆุน (2/ 256)

ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุชู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุฃู’ุจููŠุฏู ุซูŽู„ูŽุงุซูŽุฉู ุฃูŽู†ู’ูˆูŽุงุนู:

ู…ูุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุชูŒ ุจูุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุฑูŽุงุจูŽุฉู ูˆูŽู…ูุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุชูŒ ุจูุงู„ู’ู…ูุตูŽุงู‡ูŽุฑูŽุฉู ูˆูŽู…ูุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุชูŒ ุจูุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุถูŽุงุนู.

ุฃูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽูˆู’ุนู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู‘ูŽู„ู: ููŽุงู„ู’ู…ูุญูŽุฑู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงุชู ุจูุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุฑูŽุงุจูŽุฉู ุณูŽุจู’ุนู ููุฑูŽู‚ู: ุงู„ู’ุฃูู…ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽุงุชู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุจูŽู†ูŽุงุชู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฎูŽูˆูŽุงุชู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุนูŽู…ู‘ูŽุงุชู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุงู„ูŽุงุชู ูˆูŽุจูŽู†ูŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุฎู ูˆูŽุจูŽู†ูŽุงุชู ุงู„ู’ุฃูุฎู’ุชู

[iv] [ุงู„ู†ุณุงุก: 23]

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This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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