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Should woman obey her husband with regards to her own money?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

If a wife is working in a 9-5 job where she earn $1000 a month.

If she wants to give all this money to her parents, does she need to take her husbands permission? just say the husband says no, and doesn’t give permissions, in this case can she disobey the husband and still give the money, will this disobey count as a sin?

wife’s claims, “she could do anything with this money, it’s her money and she earned it”

PLEASE GUIDE

Jazakallah

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

There are two issues in your query.

A)   The wife working.

B)   The right over the income of the wife.

In principle, it is not permissible for a woman to work unnecessarily[1]. A wife ought to be maintained and supported by the husband.

If a woman worked and earned an income, the income belongs to her[2]. She is the sole owner of the income and she may exercise her right of ownership over the income within the parameters of Shariah. She may give her income to her parents[3]. She does not require the permission of the husband. The husband does not have a right to refuse her to give her money to her parents. However, the wife should consider the brooder aspect of marriage and deal with her husband with wisdom and diplomacy.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mahomed Yasser Yunus Hussen

Student Darul Iftaa
Mozambique 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

______


[1]  كتاب النوزل ج١٦ص١٧٢–١٧٤ 

 

وفي البحر: له منعها من الغزل وكل عمل ولو تبرعا لاجنبي ولو قابلة أو مغسلة لتقدم حقه على فرض الكفاية، الدر المختار شرح تنوير الأبصار وجامع البحار (ص: 262) 

 

فتاوى قاسمية ج٢٣ص٥٩–٦١

 

 قَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلَا تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ الْأُولَى.٣٣–٣٣

[2] لأن الله تعالى لم يبح أخذ مال الغير إلا عن تراض بقوله: {إلا أن تكون تجارة عن تراض منكم}

وقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: “لا يحل مال امرئ مسلم إلا بطيب من نفسه”. شرح مختصر الطحاوي للجصاص (3/ 140)

 

وَعَنْ أَبِي حُرَّةَ الرَّقَاشِيِّ، عَنْ عَمِّهِ – رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ – قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – ” «أَلَا لَا تَظْلِمُوا، أَلَا لَا يَحِلُّ مَالُ امْرِئٍ إِلَّا بِطِيبِ نَفْسٍ مِنْهُ» . رَوَاهُ الْبَيْهَقِيُّ فِي ” شُعَبِ الْإِيمَانِ “، وَالدَّارَقُطْنِيُّ فِي ” الْمُجْتَبَى “.

إِلَّا بِطِيبِ نَفْسٍ “) أَيْ: بِأَمْرٍ أَوْ رِضًا مِنْهُ. مرقاة المفاتيح شرح مشكاة المصابيح (5/ 1974)

 

لَا يَحِلُّ مَالُ امْرِئٍ مُسْلِمٍ إِلَّا عَنْ طِيبِ نَفْسٍ» ” وَلِقَوْلِهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ {لَا تَأْكُلُوا أَمْوَالَكُمْ بَيْنَكُمْ بِالْبَاطِلِ إِلَّا أَنْ تَكُونَ تِجَارَةً عَنْ تَرَاضٍ مِنْكُمْ} [النساء: 29]

مرقاة المفاتيح شرح مشكاة المصابيح (1/ 248)

[3] {أَنْفِقُوا مِنْ طَيِّبَاتٍ مَا كَسَبْتُمْ} [البقرة: 267] فَإِنَّ قَوْلَهُ تَعَالَى: {لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتْ وَعَلَيْهَا مَا اكْتَسَبَتْ} [البقرة: 286] إِنَّمَا هِيَ فِي الْأَعْمَالِ مِنَ الطَّاعَةِ وَالْمَعْصِيَةِ. مرقاة المفاتيح شرح مشكاة المصابيح (1/ 248)

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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