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Will the imam’s action invalidate the followers Salah?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

is it possible for the imaam to invalidate the followers prayer, please give answer in much detail, possibly with many examples and what to do if we fall in to different situations. one example i want to give, if i follow the imaam in prayer and he says allaahu akbar but makes mistake when saying allaahu akbar to the extent it sounds nothing like the takbeer, does that invalidate my salaah even though i say it correctly???


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

You refer to two issues in your query:

(1)  Can the Imam’s action invalidate the followers Salaah?

(2)  Reciting the takbeer incorrectly.

In principle, the validity of the follower’s prayer depends upon the validity of the   Imam’s prayer. If the Imam’s prayer is invalidated due to whatever reason, for example, his wudhu expires, then that will also invalidate the follower’s prayer.[1]

You refer to the takbeere tahreema (Allahu Akbar) pronounced by the Imaam. You state ‘it sounds nothing like the takbeer’. Kindly explain how the takbeer was pronounced. You did not enquire about his recitation (qiraat) in Salaah!

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Muhammad IV Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

المبسوط للسرخسي (1/ 176) [1]

(وَإِذَا أَحْدَثَ الْإِمَامُ فَلَمْ يُقَدِّمْ أَحَدًا حَتَّى خَرَجَ مِنْ الْمَسْجِدِ، فَإِنَّ صَلَاةَ الْقَوْمِ فَاسِدَةٌ)؛ لِأَنَّهُمْ مُقْتَدُونَ فِيهَا

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (1/ 591)

(وإذا ظهر حدث إمامه) وكذا كل مفسد في رأي مقتد (بطلت فيلزم إعادتها) لتضمنها صلاة المؤتم صحة وفسادا

سنن أبي داود ت الأرناؤوط (1/ 389)

عن أبي هريرة قال: قال رسولُ الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم -: “الإمامُ ضامِنٌ، والمُؤذنُ مُؤتَمَن، اللهمَ أَرشِدِ الأئمةَ، واغفِر للمؤذِّنين”

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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