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Is my current Nikah valid?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

my question is about marriage. Can marriage be done accidentally? I was in a haram relationship with one boy before my marriage. During that time, the boy used to take me out with him in front of his male friends. He used to refer to me as “my wife” in front of them. He said that jokingly as he had no intention to marry me and his friends also knew that we were not married. But he called me wife in front of at least two male friends and I responded as far as I can remember. Nobody thought of it as marriage. It may have also happened that he asked me, “are you not my wife?” and I said, “Yes” and there could be some of his friends.

As it is long time ago I cannot remember exactly what happened. Now I am married to another person and recently as I started to practice more Islam doubts are troubling me about the validity of my current marriage. I repent from my past and want to be loyal to my husband. But I am worried if marriage could already be done with that boy? I am not sure about which of his friends were present and if all of them were Muslims even. But I cannot get the doubts out of my head. Please help me.


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.  

Assalāmu ῾alaykum wa Rahmatullāhi Wabarakātuh

In principle , nikah takes place  with  the following conditions:

  1.  Ijaab and Qabul( proposal and acceptance)
  2.  Two males or one male and two female witnesses.
  3.   Those present must clearly hear both words of ijaab(proposal) and qabul(acceptance). The male and female witnesses must be Muslims and baligh. The witnesses should understand that nikah is taking place. [1]

The previous relationship was haram and did not constitute a valid nikah. Your present nikah is valid.

And Allāh Ta῾āla Knows Best

Wassalāmu ῾alaykum 

Jibran Kadarkhan

Student Dārul Iftā


Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai


النكاح ينعقد بالايجاب والقبول بلفظين يعبر بهما عن الماضى او يعبر باحدهما عن الماضى والاخر عن المستقبل ….ولا ينعقد نكاح المسلمين الا بحضور شاهدين حرين بالغين عاقلين مسلمين…(مختصر القدورى،ص.210,ايچ ايم سعيد )

قوله :قالوا:لو عقد بلفظ الخ اقول ،هذا بناء على ان فهم الشاهدين ليس بشرط وصححه فى الخلاصة، والمعتمد انه شرط ، حما اختاره فى الخانية ، والحاصل :انه يشترط سماعا معا مع الفهم(الاشباه والنظائر ،المجلد الاول،ص83,ادارة القرآن و العلوم الاسلامية..)

اذا قال لامرأة هذه امرأتى و قالت المرأة هذا زوجى و كان ذالك بمحضر من الشهود لا يكون نكاحا و الفتاوى الخلاصة :هو المختار

وفى اليتيمة : سئل على السغدى عن رجل سلم على امرأة فقال سلام عليك يا زوجتى فقالت و عليك السلام يا زوجى وسمع ذالك شاهدان؟ فقال :لا ينعقد النكاح 

و فى الظهيرية :لو قال ‘اين زن من است’ بمحضر من الشهود فقالت المرأة اين شوى است ولم يكن بينهما نكاح اختلف المشائخ فيه ، والصحيح أنه لا ينعقد النكاح، و فى الحجة : و عليه الفتوى، قال القاضى الامام محدود البخارى :لو قضى قاض بثبوت النكاح يكون نكاحا متفقا، ان قالت اكون لك زوجة فقال نعم، لا يصح. و فى الحجة : قالت الاجنبية لرجل ، هذا زوجى: و قال الرجل ، هذه أمرأتى بمحضر من جماعة  لم يكن بينهما نكاح.( الفتاوى التاتارخانية،4/14,مكتبة زكريا ،ديوبند)

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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