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Conditions for a Valid Nikāh (Islamic Marriage)

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Mathabah.org
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Answered by Shaykh Yūsuf Badāt

Question:

If a girl and boy accept each other as husband and wife with only Allāh as a witness, is that considered a valid nikāh?

Answer:

Jazāk Allāh Khayr/ Thank you for your question.

In order for an Islamic nikāḥ/ marriage to be valid, the following conditions are required:

  • Consent of both parties marrying (offer and acceptance)
  • At least two Muslim witnesses
  • Bridal gift (mahr) from the groom to the bride
  • Permission for the bride from her guardian

Since the above mentioned conditions are not found in the described scenario, such a marriage would be incomplete and invalid.

And Allāh Knows Best

This answer was collected from Mathabah.org. It’s an Islamic educational institute based in Canada. The questions are generally answered by Sheikh Yusuf Badat and Sheikh Omar Subedar.

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