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A woman’s religious role

Answered according to Shafi'i Fiqh by Seekersguidance.org

Question: Can women call the azan? Can they be religious teachers and invite people to Islam?

Answer:

Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh,

Dear questioner,

Thank you for your important question.

Yes, women can and historically have taught Islam to others and invited others to Islam.

Please see:
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/shafii-fiqh/can-muslim-woman-teach-mixed-class/
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/shafii-fiqh/can-women-student-representatives/
https://www.dar-alifta.org/Foreign/ViewFatwa.aspx?ID=4871
https://aboutislam.net/shariah/hadith/hadith-studies/women-scholars-hadith-part-1/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qwihHlqqvqI
https://fonsvitae.com/product/early-sufi-women-a-bilingual-critical-edition-of-as-sulamis-dhikr-an-niswa-al-muta-abbitdat-as-sufiyyat/

However, women cannot call the azan, and they shouldn’t recite the Qur’an aloud in the presence of men that are not immediate relatives.

Please see:
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/fiqh-of-adhan-and-iqama-when-praying-alone/
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/womens-prayer-praying-in-congregation-reciting-aloud-and-calling-the-adhan-and-iqama/
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/shafii-fiqh/how-should-women-pray-in-congregation-in-the-shafii-school/
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/hanafi-fiqh/can-a-woman-pray-loudly-if-she-is-alone/
https://seekersguidance.org/answers/shafii-fiqh/can-a-man-lead-female-relatives-in-prayer-shafii/

As for the story, I’m afraid I don’t know anything about it. I couldn’t find any stories that resemble it.

I pray this helps.

[Ustadh] Farid

Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

Ustadh Farid Dingle has completed extensive years of study in the sciences of the Arabic language and the various Islamic Sciences. During his studies, he also earned a CIFE Certificate in Islamic Finance. Over the years, he has developed a masterful ability to craft lessons that help non-Arabic speakers gain a deep understanding of the language. He currently teaches courses in the Arabic Language.

This answer was collected from Seekersguidance.org. It’s an online learning platform overseen by Sheikh Faraz Rabbani. All courses are free. They also have in-person classes in Canada.

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