Answered by Sidi Moustafa Elqabbany
Can you pray qada prayers in jama’ah?
It is not sinful to offer makeup (qada’) prayers in congregation, but the exact ruling varies:
1. Offering a makeup prayer behind someone offering a current prayer is disliked (makruh). The opposite is also disliked.
2. Offering a makeup prayer behind someone offering a different makeup prayer (like praying Dhuhr behind someone praying `Asr) is contrary to what is preferred (Ar. khilaf al-awla). This is less serious than doing something that is disliked.
3. Offering a makeup prayer behind someone offering the same makeup prayer is sunna, even if the imam and follower are offering makeups from different days.
And Allah the Exalted knows best.
Moustafa Mounir Elqabbany