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The transaction of a child

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by TheMufti.com

Q. I give my child spending every day to buy from the school tuckshop. Is it correct for my child to transact with an adult at the tuckshop? I heard that only transactions of adults are valid in Islam. Please advise.


A. In principle, maturity (Buloogh) is not a pre-condition for a transaction of sale to be valid. However, the necessary understanding (Aql) of a transaction is a pre-condition for a sale to be valid.

As such, if a child understands the basics of a transaction, the transaction of a child will be valid provided that the child has the permission and sanction of their guardian (Wali-father etc.) to do so.

Accordingly, the same ruling applies to a child transacting at a school tuckshop. (Shaami 4/504/505-Hindiyyah 3/2-Fataawa Mahmoodiyyah 24/42)

Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ismaeel Bassa

This answer was collected from TheMufti.com, which is a fatwa portal managed by Mufti Ismaeel Bassa from South Africa.

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