Q. Islamically, is it compulsory for parents to pay the full fees to schools during the Months of the lockdown in which schools could not teach their children?
A. The relationship between the parents/students and a school is a service (Ijaarah) based relationship.
Parents are obligated to pay a school the full amount of fees as agreed upon in lieu of all the services provided by the school. If a school did not provide all the services as agreed upon with the parents/students, the school cannot charge the parents/students the full amount of fees as the school did not provide all the services to the parents/students as agreed upon. The same applies to situation of the lockdown.
Charging parents/students the full amount of school fees for which a school did not provide all its services as agreed upon is incorrect.
To expect the school to waive the full amount of fees is also inconsiderate as a school has to maintain its structure to facilitate for the same parents/students in the coming Months.
Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
Mufti Ismaeel Bassa
This answer was collected from TheMufti.com, which is a fatwa portal managed by Mufti Ismaeel Bassa from South Africa.