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My brother recites too loud, and does not pronounce the Qur’an with proper tajwid

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

My brother when he offers his salat, recites ALL the things so loud that he can be heard in the adjacent room. His hearing is not 100% and does it to satisfy himself so that he can hear what he is reciting. He also gets stuck on one ayat and recites it again and again, making an effort to make the pronunciation right, whereas his Tajweed is not at all correct. He recites the Quran in Urdu, the meaning of the word changes if one recites a word in urdu, like Qalab, and kalab, one is heart and the other is dog. Please tell me if its ok to recite the Quran in Urdu and not taking care of the TALAFHUZ. These are two questions, recitation aloud and Tajweed.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Walaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

1. The sunna is to recite out loud only to the extent necessary. Reciting much louder than this is blameworthy (though not sinful). [Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar; Shurunbulali, Imdad al-Fattah] Thus, counsel your brother with wisdom and good words that it is enough to pronounce the words, without raising his voice.

2. Reciting with proper pronunciation (tajwid) is a recommended sunna and not obligatory, beyond fixing the obvious gross mistakes that everyone can avoid. As for not getting the ‘difficult letters’ (such as the qaf, daad, thaa’, etc), this falls in the former category, not the latter. [ibid.]

However, it would be good to encourage him to improve his recitation, because the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “The best of you are those who learn the Qur’an, and teach others.”

And Allah alone gives success.

Faraz Rabbani.

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