Population control and family planning

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by


1. Is there any ruling in Islam regarding population control. Nowadays there is a drum beating of population explosion that the earth cannot sustain more than 10 billion people. Also due to sanction countries like Iran, North Korea, Yemen, etc. that cant provide education and health to all. Please help explain what is the way forward if population control via family planning is not an option?

2. Can the couple decide that we will limit our offspring and is that Islamically correct?



1. I suggest that you don’t concern yourself with this matter. The world belongs to Allah Ta`ala and sustenance is in His control. Whether the world is 5 billion or 20 billion He will take care. You should take care of your duties and obligations towards Him.

2. These are unnatural ways that are not encouraged in Islam.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.


Answered by:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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