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Fasting on only the 10th of Muharram due to some valid excuse

Q: I have read that it is makrooh tanzihi for one to fast on only the 10th of Muharram (without also fasting on the 9th or 11th). My questions are:

1. What is the ruling if one could only fast on the 10th due to some valid reason?

2. Should he rather not fast on the 10th?

3. What constitutes a valid reason?

4. What’s the meaning and ruling of makrooh tanzihi?

Bismillaah

A: If one fasted on the 10th and did not fast an additional day due to some valid excuse e.g. illness, he will be rewarded for fasting on the 10th and it will not be makrooh for him to fast on only the 10th.

Makrooh Tanzihi refers to something that is disliked in deen.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

لَيسَ عَلَى الأَعمىٰ حَرَجٌ وَّلا عَلَى الأَعرَجِ حَرَجٌ وَّلا عَلَى المَريضِ حَرَجٌ وَمَن يُطِعِ اللَّـهَ وَرَسولَهُ يُدخِلهُ جَنّـٰتٍ تَجرى مِن تَحتِهَا الأَنهـٰرُ وَمَن يَّتَوَلَّ يُعَذِّبهُ عَذابًا أَليمًا ﴿سورة الفتح ١٧﴾

وأما القسم السادس وهو المكروه فهو قسمان: مكروه تنزيها ومكروه تحريما الأول الذي كره تنزيها كصوم يوم عاشوراء منفردا عن التاسع (مراقي الفلاح صـ 640)

والمكروه تنزيها عاشوراء مفردا عن التاسع (فنح القدير 2/303، البحر الرائق 2/450)

مطلب في تعريف المكروه، وأنه قد يطلق على الحرام والمكروه تحريما وتنزيها. (قوله: ومكروهه) هو ضد المحبوب؛ قد يطلق على الحرام (رد المحتار 1/131)

فتاوى محموديه 15/224

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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