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Performing Salaah while seated on a chair due to a back problem

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: How should a person perform Salaah if he has a back problem? Can he sit on a chair and perform Salaah? I was told that if he does not have a serious back problem and he performs Salaah on a chair, his Salaah will not be valid. Is this correct?

Bismillaah

A: It is permissible for one who suffers from a back problem to perform Salaah on a chair on condition he experiences substantial difficulty while standing. If performing Salaah standing will cause him extreme pain or will aggravate his back problem or will delay the healing process, then such a person will be permitted to perform Salaah sitting.

And Allah Ta’ala knows best.

(من تعذر عليه القيام) أي كله (لمرض) حقيقي وحده أن يلحقه بالقيام ضرر به يفتى (قبلها أو فيها) أي الفريضة (أو) حكمي بأن (خاف زيادته أو بطء برئه بقيامه أو دوران رأسه أو وجد لقيامه ألما شديدا) أو كان لو صلى قائما سلس بوله أو تعذر عليه الصوم كما مر (صلى قاعدا) قال الشامي: واختلفوا في التعذر؛ فقيل ما يبيح الإفطار، وقيل التيمم، وقيل بحيث لو قام سقط، وقيل ما يعجزه عن القيام بحوائجه. والأصح أن يلحقه ضرر بالقيام كذا في النهاية والمجتبى وغيرهما (رد المحتار 2/96)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Motala

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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