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Difference between Azaan and Iqaamah

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za
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Q: Kindly tell me what is the difference between Azaan and Iqaamah? Kindly consider this Hadith “The people mentioned the fire and the bell (they suggested those as signals to indicate the starting of prayers), and by that they mentioned the Jews and the Christians. Then Bilaal was ordered to pronounce Adhan for the prayer by saying its wordings twice, and for the Iqama (the call for the actual standing for the prayers in rows) by saying its wordings once. (Iqama is pronounced when the people are ready for the prayer). Sahi Bukhari Volume 1, Book 11, Number 577 in Azaan we saying words twice but in iqamah we saying words once as mentioned in above hadees. Kindly now tell me your answer as per Quran and Hadees.

Bismillaah

A: The purpose of Azaan is to call people who are out of the Musjid for Salaah and the purpose of Iqaamah is to call those who are present in the Musjid for Salaah. The words of the Azaan and Iqaamah both will be repeated twice, however one will pause between each sentence in the azaan and in Iqaamah one will recite both sentences together. This is what is meant by the Hadith (reciting the Iqaamah once). If this meaning is not taken, then there will be a contradiction between the other authentic Ahaadith that Hazrat Bilaal (Radiyallahu Anhu) used to call out the words of the Iqaamah twice. 

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

 

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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