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Rectifying Quranic Recitation Mistakes of the Elders

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by: Maulana Mohammed Dilwar Hussain

Question:

I am a 14-year-old boy (who has hit maturity). I have an issue in my local masjid where the elders read the Quran with mistakes to the extent that sometimes the meaning is changed into kufr meanings. My question is that am I allowed to correct them when I hear the mistake, knowing that it changed the meaning into a kufr meaning?

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Answer:

I pray that Allฤh Taโ€™ฤlฤ grants you even more understanding and love for the noble Qurโ€™ฤn. Ameen. The concern you are showing is definitely reward-worthy and the fact that you are able to recognise and differentiate between mistakes is even more so amazing for someone as young as you.

The Prophet ๏ทบ said, โ€œSuch a person who recites the Qurโ€™ฤn and memorises it, will be with the noble righteous scribes (in Heaven) (i.e., the angels). And such a person who exerts himself to learn the Qurโ€™ฤn by heart, and recites it with great difficulty, will be given double the rewards.โ€ [Sahih Al-Bukhari; Hadith 4937] [1]

He ๏ทบ has also said, โ€ He who finds it hard (to recite the Qurโ€™ฤn) will be given double the rewards.โ€ [Sahih Al-Muslim; Hadith 798] [2]

From these two narrations, we see the great importance of attempting to recite the noble Qurโ€™ฤn. Some of us are fortunate enough that we are able to recite with ease, whereas others will spend a lifetime trying to recite correctly but always reciting with difficulty. Such people should not become despondent as Allฤh Taโ€™ฤlฤ has prescribed double the reward for them. Hence, we must not discourage them from trying. Their reward is in their efforts.

The Prophet ๏ทบ also said, โ€œThe best among you (Muslims) are those who learn the Qurโ€™ฤn and teach it.โ€ [Sahih Al-Bukhari; Hadith 5027] [3]

So, with this said, it is also paramount that we recite correctly and free from errors. Thus, as the above Hadith states, there is great reward in teaching people the noble Qurโ€™ฤn. If you are able to correct them, then you should attempt to correct them. While doing this, it is important to consider the following Hadith;

The Prophet ๏ทบ said: โ€œHe is not one of us, who does not have mercy on our young and does not respect our elders.โ€ [Sunan At-Tirmizi; Hadith 1919] [4]

Whenever we address our elders, we must do so with respect and humility. We must be careful not to address them in a manner that could be deemed disrespectful or rude. Whenever trying to correct an elder, it is normally more appropriate to not correct them directly but using Hikmah (wisdom). This way their honour will be left intact and they will not feel disrespected by a youngster.

A possible method you could apply when trying to correct them is to say, โ€œuncle, can you please listen to me reciting the verse and check if I make a mistake.โ€ Then, when you recite correctly, they should be able to pick up on their own mistake. If they still do not pick up on the mistake, you will now have an opportunity to point out the mistake without them feeling disrespected. After this has happened once, their guard should be lowered towards you and any subsequent attempts to correct them should go down easier as a level of rapport has now been built.

Only Allฤh Taโ€™ฤlฤ knows best.

Written by Maulana Mohammed Dilwar Hussain

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

[1]ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุขุฏูŽู…ูุŒ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุดูุนู’ุจูŽุฉูุŒ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ู‚ูŽุชูŽุงุฏูŽุฉูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุณูŽู…ูุนู’ุชู ุฒูุฑูŽุงุฑูŽุฉูŽ ุจู’ู†ูŽ ุฃูŽูˆู’ููŽู‰ุŒ ูŠูุญูŽุฏู‘ูุซู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุณูŽุนู’ุฏู ุจู’ู†ู ู‡ูุดูŽุงู…ูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุนูŽุงุฆูุดูŽุฉูŽุŒ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ โ€ย โ€œโ€ ู…ูŽุซูŽู„ู ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠ ูŠูŽู‚ู’ุฑูŽุฃู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู‡ู’ูˆูŽ ุญูŽุงููุธูŒ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุนูŽ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽููŽุฑูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ูƒูุฑูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุฑูŽุฑูŽุฉูุŒ ูˆูŽู…ูŽุซูŽู„ู ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠ ูŠูŽู‚ู’ุฑูŽุฃู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ูŽ ูˆูŽู‡ู’ูˆูŽ ูŠูŽุชูŽุนูŽุงู‡ูŽุฏูู‡ู ูˆูŽู‡ู’ูˆูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุดูŽุฏููŠุฏูŒุŒ ููŽู„ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽุฌู’ุฑูŽุงู†ู โ€โ€โ€โ€.โ€

[2]ูˆูŽุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ู…ูุญูŽู…ู‘ูŽุฏู ุจู’ู†ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุซูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‰ุŒ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุงุจู’ู†ู ุฃูŽุจููŠ ุนูŽุฏููŠู‘ูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุณูŽุนููŠุฏูุŒ ุญ ูˆูŽุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุฃูŽุจููˆ ุจูŽูƒู’ุฑูุŒ ุจู’ู†ู ุฃูŽุจููŠ ุดูŽูŠู’ุจูŽุฉูŽ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽูƒููŠุนูŒุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ู‡ูุดูŽุงู…ู ุงู„ุฏู‘ูŽุณู’ุชูŽูˆูŽุงุฆููŠู‘ูุŒ ูƒูู„ุงูŽู‡ูู…ูŽุง ุนูŽู†ู’ ู‚ูŽุชูŽุงุฏูŽุฉูŽุŒ ุจูู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ุฅูุณู’ู†ูŽุงุฏู โ€.โ€ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูููŠ ุญูŽุฏููŠุซู ูˆูŽูƒููŠุนู โ€ย โ€œโ€ ูˆูŽุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠ ูŠูŽู‚ู’ุฑูŽุฃู ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ูŠูŽุดู’ุชูŽุฏู‘ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ู„ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽุฌู’ุฑูŽุงู†ู โ€โ€โ€ โ€.โ€

[3] ุญูŽุฌู‘ูŽุงุฌู ุจู’ู†ู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุงู„ูุŒ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุดูุนู’ุจูŽุฉูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุฎู’ุจูŽุฑูŽู†ููŠ ุนูŽู„ู’ู‚ูŽู…ูŽุฉู ุจู’ู†ู ู…ูŽุฑู’ุซูŽุฏูุŒ ุณูŽู…ูุนู’ุชู ุณูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ุจู’ู†ูŽ ุนูุจูŽูŠู’ุฏูŽุฉูŽุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุจููŠ ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู†ู ุงู„ุณู‘ูู„ูŽู…ููŠู‘ูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุนูุซู’ู…ูŽุงู†ูŽ ู€ ุฑุถู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ ู€ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ โ€ย โ€œโ€ ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑููƒูู…ู’ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽุนูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูุฑู’ุขู†ูŽ ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽู‡ู โ€โ€โ€โ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูˆูŽุฃูŽู‚ู’ุฑูŽุฃูŽ ุฃูŽุจููˆ ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุญู’ู…ูŽู†ู ูููŠ ุฅูู…ู’ุฑูŽุฉู ุนูุซู’ู…ูŽุงู†ูŽ ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฌู‘ูŽุงุฌูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูˆูŽุฐูŽุงูƒูŽ ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠ ุฃูŽู‚ู’ุนูŽุฏูŽู†ููŠ ู…ูŽู‚ู’ุนูŽุฏููŠ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุงโ€.โ€

[4]ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ู…ูุญูŽู…ู‘ูŽุฏู ุจู’ู†ู ู…ูŽุฑู’ุฒููˆู‚ู ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุตู’ุฑููŠู‘ูุŒ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุนูุจูŽูŠู’ุฏู ุจู’ู†ู ูˆูŽุงู‚ูุฏูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฒูŽุฑู’ุจููŠู‘ูุŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุณูŽู…ูุนู’ุชู ุฃูŽู†ูŽุณูŽ ุจู’ู†ูŽ ู…ูŽุงู„ููƒูุŒ ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู ุฌูŽุงุกูŽ ุดูŽูŠู’ุฎูŒ ูŠูุฑููŠุฏู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ูŽ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ููŽุฃูŽุจู’ุทูŽุฃูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู…ู ุนูŽู†ู’ู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠููˆูŽุณู‘ูุนููˆุง ู„ูŽู‡ู ููŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุจููŠู‘ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… โ€ย โ€œโ€ ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ู…ูู†ู‘ูŽุง ู…ูŽู†ู’ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุฑู’ุญูŽู…ู’ ุตูŽุบููŠุฑูŽู†ูŽุง ูˆูŽูŠููˆูŽู‚ู‘ูุฑู’ ูƒูŽุจููŠุฑูŽู†ูŽุง โ€โ€โ€ โ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูˆูŽูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุงุจู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุนูŽุจู’ุฏู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽู…ู’ุฑููˆ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุจููŠ ู‡ูุฑูŽูŠู’ุฑูŽุฉูŽ ูˆูŽุงุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽุจู‘ูŽุงุณู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุจููŠ ุฃูู…ูŽุงู…ูŽุฉูŽ โ€.โ€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฃูŽุจููˆ ุนููŠุณูŽู‰ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุญูŽุฏููŠุซูŒ ุบูŽุฑููŠุจูŒ โ€.โ€ ูˆูŽุฒูŽุฑู’ุจููŠู‘ูŒ ู„ูŽู‡ู ุฃูŽุญูŽุงุฏููŠุซู ู…ูŽู†ูŽุงูƒููŠุฑู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽู†ูŽุณู ุจู’ู†ู ู…ูŽุงู„ููƒู ูˆูŽุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูู‡ู โ€.โ€

This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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