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Should a Musalli Commence His Zuhr Four Rakat Sunnah or Should He Join the Congregation

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by: Maulana Shadman Ahmed


If the Zuhr Fardh Salaah Jamaat had commenced: –

‌أ.        Should the Musalli commence his four Sunnah Muakkadah or should he join the Imaam?

‌ب.       If the Musalli has already commenced his four Sunnah before Jamaat started, then what should the Musalli do?   Should he abandon the Sunnah or complete it?

‌ج.       If the Musalli terminates the Sunnah by making Salaam after two Rak’aats in the first Qa’dah then will it be necessary for him to (repeat) make the Qadha of these Sunnahs especially since seeing that his Niyyah was for four Rak’aats and he only completed two?

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful


If the Musalli feels that he will miss a rakat of the fard prayer, then he will not commence his four Sunnah Muakkadah. He should join the Jamat and make up the Sunnah after the Fard prayer before the two rakats sunnah. If the Musalli has commenced his four Sunnah before Jamat started, then the Fardh salah Jamat starts then he should pray only two rakats and say salam. He will make qada of four rakats as that is the intention, he started the prayer with. [1]

Only Allah knows best

Written by Maulana Shadman Ahmed

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

[1] Ibn Abideen, Radd al-Muhtar, vol. 2, pg. 54; Fatawa Darul Uloom Deoband,vol. 4, pg. 159

This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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