IslamQA

Is it possible to perform ghusl in a sink?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham


Answered by:  Maulana Muddasser Dhedhy


Question:


Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah!


Is it possible to perform ghusl in a bathroom sink?


If yes, how should one do it?


Jazakallahu Khayran


بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم


In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.


Answer:


Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakaatuh,


In order for a ghusl to fulfil its purpose of taking a person out of the state of major impurity, it must at least involve the following:


1.    Rinsing the mouth with water.


2.    Putting water into the nostrils.


3.    Washing the whole body with water.[1]


It may be possible to perform all these acts at a bathroom sink by taking in the water in one’s hands and putting it in the mouth then again taking water and putting it in the nostrils and then cupping water in the hands and applying it on the whole body to such an extent that the water drips from his/her limbs after applying it to them.[2]


 


However, given the perceived difficulty in performing ghusl in a bathroom sink one should not resort to it except if there is no other alternative.


 


Only Allah Ta’ala knows best


Written by Maulana Muddasser Dhedhy


Checked and approved by Ustadha Sabrina al-Faarsiyyah


Darul Ifta Birmingham

 


 


 


 



[1] (وَفَرْضُ الْغُسْلِ) أَرَادَ بِهِ مَا يَعُمُّ الْعَمَلِيَّ كَمَا مَرَّ، وَبِالْغُسْلِ الْمَفْرُوضِ كَمَا فِي الْجَوْهَرَةِ، وَظَاهِرُهُ عَدَمُ شَرْطِيَّةِ غَسْلِ فَمِهِ وَأَنْفِهِ فِي الْمَسْنُونِ كَذَا الْبَحْرُ، يَعْنِي عَدَمَ فَرْضِيَّتِهَا فِيهِ وَإِلَّا فَهُمَا شَرْطَانِ فِي تَحْصِيلِ السُّنَّةِ (غَسْلُ) كُلِّ (فَمِهِ) وَيَكْفِي الشُّرْبُ عَبًّا؛ لِأَنَّ الْمَجَّ لَيْسَ بِشَرْطٍ فِي الْأَصَحِّ (وَأَنْفِهِ) حَتَّى مَا تَحْتَ الدَّرَنِ (وَ) بَاقِي (بَدَنِهِ) لَكِنْ فِي الْمُغْرِبِ وَغَيْرِهِ: الْبَدَنُ مِنْ الْمَنْكِبِ إلَى الْأَلْيَةِ، وَحِينَئِذٍ فَالرَّأْسُ وَالْعُنُقُ وَالْيَدُ وَالرِّجْلُ خَارِجَةٌ لُغَةً دَاخِلَةٌ تَبَعًا شَرْعًا (لَا دَلْكُهُ) لِأَنَّهُ مُتَمِّمٌ، فَيَكُونُ مُسْتَحَبًّا لَا شَرْطًا، خِلَافًا لِمَالِكٍ (الدر المختار ج 1 ص 284-285. دار الكتب العلمية)


[2] (غَسْلُ الْوَجْهِ) أَيْ إسَالَةُ الْمَاءِ مَعَ التَّقَاطُرِ وَلَوْ قَطْرَةً. وَفِي الْفَيْضِ أَقَلُّهُ قَطْرَتَانِ فِي الْأَصَحِّ (الدر المختار ج 1 ص 208-209. دار الكتب العلمية)


This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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