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47 Miscellaneous questions

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by Ustadha Umme Abidllah




1) According to the Hanafi madhab if I were to say the basmalah after the fatiha in the third rakaat of Maghrib by mistake should I do prostration of forgetfulness or is the prayer still valid?

The prayer will be valid.

2) Are you allowed to say bismillah before wudhu but naked as for ghusl?

One should abstain from reciting duas and azkaar in the bathroom. It may be recited in the heart and not verbally, or it may be recited before one enters the bathroom.

3) I prayed my prayers out loud for Zuhr and Asr should I repeat them?

No, the prayer will be valid, however it is wajib to recite quietly in the quiet prayers. [1]

4) What exactly is said out loud in the loud prayers when praying alone i.e. 

for Fajr, Magrib and Isha?

One should read out loud (to the minimum that one can hear himself) as you would when praying in congregation.

5) If I pray my loud prayers fajr, magrib and isha all quietly do I lose any blessings is this sunnah muakkadah to do ?

When praying the loud prayers alone, it is permissible to read quietly or out loud, though the latter is superior for men. [1]

6)  Is it ok to say bismillah in a toilet where there is the toilet on the 

ground but you know there is no najas present?

One should abstain from reciting dua and azkaar in such a place even if there is no impurity present.

7) Is reciting dua at the end of salah an emphasized Sunnah or a recommend 


It is an emphasised Sunnah that has been established from many reliable hadeeth sources. (Fatawa Darul uloom zakariyyah p202/v2 zam zam publishers)

8) What to recite and what to say silently when leading a group in salah in 

quiet and loud prayers?

When leading the loud prayers:

The Imam will say takbeer tahreema out loud, thana ta’awwuz, basmalah will be recited softly, followed by the recitiation of surah faitha and a surah out loud.

The takbeer when moving posture will be recited out loud.

Tasmee’ (samiAllahu liman hamidah) will be recited out loud. It is mustahab and more virtuous for the imam to recite tahmeed (rabbana walkal hamd). (Fatawa Darul Uloom Zakariyyah p284/v2 zam zam publishers)

Tahiyyat, durud and dua will be recited softly, followed by saying the salaam out loud.

When leading the quiet prayers:

The imam will recite everything softly, besides; takbeerat, tasmee’ and salaam.

9) What is meant by remaining motionless between movements in prayers for 

example when between movements you are not exactly motionless as you are 

reciting something?

‘motionless’ means the body must remain still for the duration of reciting one subhanAllah

10) When prostrating all my toes are not pointing to the qibla is this 

sunnah muakadah that all the toes should be pointing to the qibla?

It is necessary that the toes face the qibla during salaah.

11) When saying takbir should we say it aloud or in a whisper when in jammat 

and when alone?

Loud enough to hear oneself

12) Is making zikr during wudu sunnah muakdah or mustahab?



13) Is brushing the teeth during wudu sunnah muakdah or mustahab?

Miswak is Sunnah during wudhu.

14) Is Praying not wearing respectable clothes an adab or sunnah muakadah ?

It is makruh to pray in clothes that one would dislike to go out in.

15) How do you wash the body three times in ghusl please could you explain 

in detail?

Begin washing the body with cleaning the private parts, thereafter wash any impurities from the body, make wudhu and pass water over the whole body thrice. Water should be passed over each body part thrice.

16) Is wiping the ears and neck in wudu sunnah muakadah or Mustahab and what 

is the sunnah way to perform the wiping of the ears?

Masah of ears is Sunnah and neck is mustahab

17) Also when wiping the head in wudu do we wipe over the head then wipe 

again by bringing the hands back over or do we just wipe over the head 

once without passing over again?

The fingers will be bought back again over the head

18) How to wipe over valid foot gear in wudu?

Wet both the hands. Use the right hand for the right foot and the left hand for the left foot. Wipe on the upper surface of the foot, starting from the toes wipe up to the ankles.

19) Sometimes a bit of blood comes out of my knees when praying due to rough 

skin is this blood najas even though when I look at the blood it is a 

very small amount and is not flowing?

The blood will have to be flowing in order to break wudhu.

20) I have been told that to end a prayer one must simply look to the right 

shoulder and say As salamu alaykum is this correct?

It is wajib to end the salaah by saying salaam to the right and left

21) I have been told when saying salams in jammat you must look to the right 

shoulder then look to the end of the row then the same when giving 

salams looking to the left hand side?

When making salaam, one should look to ones shoulder

22) When getting up from reading the tashhud I use my hands to get up and 

when going down I first place my hands on the floor before sajdah is 

this makrooh?

When going down in sujud, the knees must be placed on the ground first, followed by the hands, followed by the forehead and nose. One should not take support from the ground without an excuse. [2]

23) Is it ok to pray alone when you can see a jammat taking place?

Yes, however it’s more virtuous to join the jamat.

24) Using miswak is sunnah muakadah so not using it is sinful is this 

statement correct?

Using miswak during wudhu is Sunnah, not using it will not make one sinful

25) Is it ok to Do wudu while the azaan is being given?

Yes, however it is more virtuous to avoid being occupied during adhan and reply to it.

(Fatawa Darul Uloom Zakaraiyyah, p114/v2 zam zam publishers)

26) When praying witr do we say bismillah hiraman nir raheem before reading 

dua qunoot?


27) Is it ok to pray before the azaan has been given for example in a muslim 

country for zhur the azzan is given much after the start time for zhur?

Yes as long as the time for salaah has set in

28) How to give the azaan and iqamah?

Stand facing the qibla, place the index fingers in the ears and in a loud voice recite the words of azaan. Iqamah is to repeat the wordings of azaan before fardh salaah with the addition of qad qamatis salaah after hayya alal falaah [3]

29) In sujood is it ok for the wrists to touch the knees?

The hands should be placed between the head in salaah and the arms must be raised and not touch the ground

30) If I accidentally read a surah in fardh naamaz in the 4 th rakaat is 

this omiting a wajib and should I do forgetful prostrations?

It is makruh to read a surah in the third and fourth rakat, however it will not necessitate sajda sahw

31) If I accidentally read a bit of durood after the first sitting what 

should I do?

Perform sajda sahw

32) Praying with the buttons of my shirt undone so the chest is a bit visible 

is this makrooh and what is the evidence?

The first button can be kept undone, however it must be borne in mind that one is standing infront of Allah swt so modesty and humility must be adopted

33) I read in the laws of salah praying in a pyjamma, kurta or tehband 

invalidates your salah is this correct?

The salaah will not be invalidated however it is not proper to pray in such clothes.

34) I read in the laws of salah praying with a shirt but your chest is 

showing is makrooh tanzeehi is this correct?

Please refer to above answer

35) If I had Prayed with garments below the ankles do I need to repeat the 

salah as I read it is makrooh?

The salaah will not have to be repeated however it is makruh to pray with garments below the ankles

36) I know that omiting a wajib in salah makes it wajib to make that prayer 

up and if you miss a sunnah a muakdah then it is mustahb to make it up 

but what about praying and making the salaah makuh does this require 

making the salah up?

It does not have to be repeated

37) I read that if you were To invoke Allah or remember Him, whether in 

Arabic or in one’s own language, unless a prescribed invocation, given 

in the Qur’an or Hadith, is made inadvertently at a time where it is not 

meant to be made. renders the Prayer void. Is this true as I sometimes 

say allah hu akbar in different postions if I read it late between 

movements ?

Sajda sahw will have to read if an act of salaah is being displaced

38) To ignore or miss one or more of the Wajib parts of the Prayer 

unintentionally, and failing to perform Sajdah Sahw this would make the 

prayer invalid is this true?

One should repeat such a salaah where he missed sajda sahw

39) Reciting always one and the same Surah in the prayer would this make the 

prayer makoorah tanzeehi?

Yes, it is makruh to fix a surah in salaah


40) From the seerks guiadacne pdf it says the necessary and sunna acts what 

if ommited? Necessary left valid but unsound rectify within time. Sunna 

left valid and sound but lost reward no retifictaion so if I missed out 

the thanna as this is sunnah muakdah to recite, is this ok?

Praying thana is Sunnah. If one did not read it out of forgetfulness, the salaah will be valid and neither will sajda sahw have to be performed. However, one will be sinful if he makes it a habit and misses it out intentionally.                                                        (Fatawa Darul uloom Zakariyyah p 152/v2 zam zam publishers)

41) A shaykh said in his speech that if you omit a wajib action you must 

finsh the prayer then repeat it within the time otherwise not to makeup 


Yes, if the time for salaah expires, it should not be repeated

42) my uncles was drinking a can of a beer and as I was leaving his house he 

hugged me can I asume that his hands were clean and no najas passed onto 

my clothes even though he was holding a can of beer which inside is 


If there is no trace of impurity on ones clothes, he should assume it is pure.

43) How to read behind the iman in loud prayers please could you give me a 

detailed list?

He should say the Takbir Tahrima (Allahu Akbar) immediately after the imam says it and recite the Thanaa’ (Subhaanakallaahumma wa bihamdika…).: Ta’awwuz (A’uzu billaahi…), Tasmiya (Bismillahi …), Surah Fatiha and other Surahs. A muqtadi (the one following the imam) should recite the Takbirs (Allahu Akbar) when going to the different postures, the Tasbih of Ruku’ (Subhana Rabbiyal Azeem) and Sujood (Subhana Rabbiyal A’laa), Tashahhud (Attahiyaatu lillaahi…), Durood (Allaahumma Salli Alaa…), dua after Darood (Rabbanaa Aatinaa…),  Salaam etc. However, when the Imam says the Tasmee’ (Samiallaahu liman hamidah), he should say the Tahmeed (Rabbana lakal hamd) instead.

44) If there is oil on my body and I do ghusl and the oil remains is my 

ghusl valid?


45) If before ghusl I take off a plaster then do ghusl but after I see some 

of the plaster adhevise remains is the ghusl valid?

In order for ghusl to be valid, the water must reach the skin. If the adhesive is does not allow water to flow through and tough the skin ghusl will not be valid.

46) Doing wudu with oil in the hair is this ok?



47) When reading the tashhud when lifting the finger should we look at the 

tip of the finger?

No, during tashahud one should look towards his knees

Only Allah Ta’ala knows best

Ustadha Umme Abudllah

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham


 وجهر الإمام بقراءة الفجر وأوليي العشاءين ولو قضاء والجمعة والعيدين والتراويح والوتر في رمضان والإسرار في الظهر والعصر وفيما بعد أوليي العشاءين ونفل النهار والمنفرد مخير فيما يجهر كمتنفل بالليل

قوله والجهر للإمام) اللام بمعنى على، مثل – {وإن أسأتم فلها} [الإسراء: ٧]- واحترز به عن المنفرد فإنه يخير بين الجهر والإسرار، وقوله والإسرار للكل: أي الإمام والمنفرد، وقوله فيما يجهر ويسر لف ونشر، يعني أن الجهر يجب على الإمام فيما يجهر فيه وهو صلاة الصبح والأوليان من المغرب والعشاء وصلاة العيدين والجمعة والتراويح والوتر في رمضان والإسرار يجب على الإمام والمنفرد فيما يسر فيه وهو صلاة الظهر والعصر والثالثة من المغرب والأخريان من العشاء وصلاة الكسوف والاستسقاء كما في البحر، ولكن وجوب الإسرار على الإمام بالاتفاق، وأما على المنفرد فقال في البحر إنه الأصح وذكر في الفصل الآتي أنه الظاهر من المذهب وفيه كلام ستعرفه هناك

حاشية الطحطاوي علي مراقي الفلاح (ج١٤٦٩)



ثم رفع رأسه مكبرا للنهوض بلا اعتماد على الأرض بيديه وبلا قعود:

ثم رفع رأسه مكبرا للنهوض” أي القيام بالركعة الثانية “بلا اعتماد على الأرض بيديه” إن لم يكن به عذر “وبلا قعود” قبل القيام يسمى جلسة الاستراحة عند الشافعي سنة

حاشية الطحطاوي علي مراقي الفلاح (ج١١٠٧)



ويكبر في أوله أربعا ويثني تكبير آخره كباقي ألفاظه ولا ترجيع في الشهادتين والإقامة مثله ويزيد بعد فلاح الفجر الصلاة خير من النوم مرتين وبعد فلاح الإقامة قد قامت الصلاة مرتين ويتمهل في الأذان ويسرع

حاشية الطحطاوي علي مراقي الفلاح (ج١١٩٦)

This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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