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What is the distance for Shariah Musafir?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta-Deoband.com
My question is regarding the distance after which a person is regarded as a Shariah Musafir? Some books mention 48 Shariah miles equivalent to 54 English miles and some just state 48 miles equivalent to 77 kms. Please include reference with the answer.


(Fatwa: 1209/B=201/TB=1433)

As per hadith it is the journey of three days. As per the scholar of hadith and Fiqh, it is 4 barid or 16 farsakh; one barid is equal to 12 English miles and one farsakh is equal to 3 English miles. Thus, 4 barid is 48 miles and 16 farsakh is also of 48 miles. The same has been written by our elders i.e. Hadhrat Maulana Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi, Hadhrat Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi, Hadhrat Maulana Mufti Azizur Rahman Grand Mufti Darul Uloom Deoband, Hadhrat Maulana Mufti Muhammad Shafi (رحمہم اللہ) etc. They have opted 48 English miles which is equal to 77.25 kms. Some Ulama have counted it with Shariah mile thus they measure it as 54 miles. We issue fatwa as per our elders.

Allah (Subhana Wa Ta’ala) knows Best

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

This answer was collected from the official ifta website of Darul Uloom Deoband in India.

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