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Salaah Breaking Due To Hand Movements

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta Azaadville

Question:

If I use my right hand instead of my left hand to do something in salah eg. Adjust my clothes or scratch. Will my salah break?

Answer:

The issue of Salaah breaking due to hand movements does not depend on which hand was used as the right hand and the left hand are equal in this matter. However, your Salaah will break if you do such a hand action which either

1) constitutes the use of both hands simultaneously

2) constitutes three consecutive movements even though it might be with only one hand

3) constitutes such an action which an onlooker would think that the person doing this action is not performing Salaah. 

Based on this, if you scratch or adjust your clothes with the use of both hands simultaneously, by doing three consecutive movements or do it in such a way that an onlooker will think that you are not in Salaah, then your Salaah will break.

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

ุงู„ุฏุฑ ุงู„ู…ุฎุชุงุฑ ูˆุญุงุดูŠุฉ ุงุจู† ุนุงุจุฏูŠู† (ุฑุฏ ุงู„ู…ุญุชุงุฑ) (1/ 624)

(ูˆูŽ) ูŠููู’ุณูุฏูู‡ูŽุง (ูƒูู„ู‘ู ุนูŽู…ูŽู„ู ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑู) ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽุนู’ู…ูŽุงู„ูู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู„ูุฅูุตู’ู„ูŽุงุญูู‡ูŽุงุŒ ูˆูŽูููŠู‡ู ุฃูŽู‚ู’ูˆูŽุงู„ูŒ ุฎูŽู…ู’ุณูŽุฉูŒ ุฃูŽุตูŽุญู‘ูู‡ูŽุง (ู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุดููƒู‘ู) ุจูุณูŽุจูŽุจูู‡ู (ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุธูุฑู) ู…ูู†ู’ ุจูŽุนููŠุฏู (ูููŠ ููŽุงุนูู„ูู‡ู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ูููŠู‡ูŽุง)

ุงู„ุฏุฑ ุงู„ู…ุฎุชุงุฑ ูˆุญุงุดูŠุฉ ุงุจู† ุนุงุจุฏูŠู† (ุฑุฏ ุงู„ู…ุญุชุงุฑ) (1/ 625)

ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ุดูŽูƒู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ุฃูŽู…ู’ ู„ูŽุง ููŽู‚ูŽู„ููŠู„ูŒุŒ ู„ูŽูƒูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูŠูุดู’ูƒูู„ู ุจูู…ูŽุณู’ุฃูŽู„ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุณู‘ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุชู‘ูŽู‚ู’ุจููŠู„ู ููŽุชูŽุฃูŽู…ู‘ูŽู„

ุงู„ุฏุฑ ุงู„ู…ุฎุชุงุฑ ูˆุญุงุดูŠุฉ ุงุจู† ุนุงุจุฏูŠู† (ุฑุฏ ุงู„ู…ุญุชุงุฑ) (1/ 624)

(ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ู ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ุฃูŽุนู’ู…ูŽุงู„ูู‡ูŽุง) ุงุญู’ุชูุฑูŽุงุฒูŒ ุนูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ู„ูŽูˆู’ ุฒูŽุงุฏูŽ ุฑููƒููˆุนู‹ุง ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุณูุฌููˆุฏู‹ุง ู…ูŽุซูŽู„ู‹ุง ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู…ูŽู„ูŒ ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑูŒ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ู…ููู’ุณูุฏู ู„ููƒูŽูˆู’ู†ูู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ูŽุง ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูŠูุฑู’ููŽุถู ู„ูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุณูŽุจููŠู„ู ู…ูŽุง ุฏููˆู†ูŽ ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽูƒู’ุนูŽุฉู ุท ู‚ูู„ู’ุช: ูˆูŽุงู„ุธู‘ูŽุงู‡ูุฑู ุงู„ูุงุณู’ุชูุบู’ู†ูŽุงุกู ุนูŽู†ู’ ู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽูŠู’ุฏู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุชูŽุนู’ุฑููŠูู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽู…ูŽู„ู ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑู ุจูู…ูŽุง ุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุตูŽู†ู‘ููู ุชูŽุฃูŽู…ู‘ูŽู„ู’ (ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ู„ูุฅูุตู’ู„ูŽุงุญูู‡ูŽุง) ุฎูŽุฑูŽุฌูŽ ุจูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ูˆูุถููˆุกู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุดู’ูŠู ู„ูุณูŽุจู’ู‚ู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฏูŽุซู ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽุง ูŠููู’ุณูุฏูŽุงู†ูู‡ูŽุง ุท. ู‚ูู„ู’ุช: ูˆูŽูŠูŽู†ู’ุจูŽุบููŠ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุฒูŽุงุฏูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ููŽุนูŽู„ูŽ ู„ูุนูุฐู’ุฑู ุงุญู’ุชูุฑูŽุงุฒู‹ุง ุนูŽู†ู’ ู‚ูŽุชู’ู„ู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽูŠู‘ูŽุฉู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽู‚ู’ุฑูŽุจู ุจูุนูŽู…ูŽู„ู ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽูŠู’ู†ู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฃู’ุชููŠุŒ ุฅู„ู‘ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุฅู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู„ูุฅูุตู’ู„ูŽุงุญูู‡ูŽุง ู„ูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุชูŽุฑู’ูƒูŽู‡ู ู‚ูŽุฏู’ ูŠูุคูŽุฏู‘ูŽู‰ ุฅู„ูŽู‰ ุฅูู’ุณูŽุงุฏูู‡ูŽุง ุชูŽุฃูŽู…ู‘ูŽู„ู’ (ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ู ูˆูŽูููŠู‡ู ุฃูŽู‚ู’ูˆูŽุงู„ูŒ ุฎูŽู…ู’ุณูŽุฉูŒ ุฃูŽุตูŽุญู‘ูู‡ูŽุง ู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุดููƒู‘ู ุฅู„ูŽุฎู’) ุตูŽุญู‘ูŽุญูŽู‡ู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุฏูŽุงุฆูุนูุŒ ูˆูŽุชูŽุงุจูŽุนูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุฒู‘ูŽูŠู’ู„ูŽุนููŠู‘ู ูˆุงู„ู’ูˆูŽู„ู’ูˆูŽุงู„ูุฌููŠู‘ู. ูˆูŽูููŠ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุญููŠุทู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุญู’ุณูŽู†ู. ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽุฏู’ุฑู ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽู‡ููŠุฏู: ุฅู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽูˆูŽุงุจู. ูˆูŽูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุงู†ููŠู‘ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฎูู„ูŽุงุตูŽุฉู: ุฅู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุงุฎู’ุชููŠูŽุงุฑู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุงู…ู‘ูŽุฉู. ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุญููŠุทู ูˆูŽุบูŽูŠู’ุฑูู‡ู: ุฑูŽูˆูŽุงู‡ู ุงู„ุซู‘ูŽู„ู’ุฌููŠู‘ู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽุงุจูู†ูŽุง ุญูู„ู’ูŠูŽุฉูŒ.

ุงู„ุฏุฑ ุงู„ู…ุฎุชุงุฑ ูˆุญุงุดูŠุฉ ุงุจู† ุนุงุจุฏูŠู† (ุฑุฏ ุงู„ู…ุญุชุงุฑ) (1/ 625)

ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ู ุงู„ุซู‘ูŽุงู†ููŠ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุนู’ู…ูŽู„ู ุนูŽุงุฏูŽุฉู‹ ุจูุงู„ู’ูŠูŽุฏูŽูŠู’ู†ู ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑูŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ุนูู…ูู„ูŽ ุจููˆูŽุงุญูุฏูŽุฉู ูƒูŽุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุนู’ู…ููŠู…ู ูˆูŽุดูŽุฏู‘ู ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุฑูŽุงูˆููŠู„ู ูˆูŽู…ูŽุง ุนูู…ูู„ูŽ ุจููˆูŽุงุญูุฏูŽุฉู ู‚ูŽู„ููŠู„ูŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ุนูู…ูู„ูŽ ุจูู‡ูู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุญูŽู„ู‘ู ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุฑูŽุงูˆููŠู„ู ูˆูŽู„ูุจู’ุณู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู„ูŽู†ู’ุณููˆูŽุฉู ูˆูŽู†ูŽุฒู’ุนูู‡ูŽุง ุฅู„ู‘ูŽุง ุฅุฐูŽุง ุชูŽูƒูŽุฑู‘ูŽุฑูŽ ุซูŽู„ูŽุงุซู‹ุง ู…ูุชูŽูˆูŽุงู„ููŠูŽุฉู‹ ูˆูŽุถูŽุนู‘ูŽููŽู‡ู ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุญู’ุฑู ุจูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู‚ูŽุงุตูุฑูŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฅููŽุงุฏูŽุฉู ู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุนู’ู…ูŽู„ู ุจูุงู„ู’ูŠูŽุฏู ูƒูŽุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุถู’ุบู ูˆูŽุงู„ุชู‘ูŽู‚ู’ุจููŠู„ู. ุงู„ุซู‘ูŽุงู„ูุซู ุงู„ู’ุญูŽุฑูŽูƒูŽุงุชู ุงู„ุซู‘ูŽู„ูŽุงุซู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุชูŽูˆูŽุงู„ููŠูŽุฉู ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑูŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ููŽู‚ูŽู„ููŠู„ูŒ

ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงุจูุนู ู…ูŽุง ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ู ู…ูŽู‚ู’ุตููˆุฏู‹ุง ู„ูู„ู’ููŽุงุนูู„ู ุจูุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠููู’ุฑูุฏูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู…ูŽุฌู’ู„ูุณู‹ุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุญูุฏูŽุฉู. ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุชูŽุงุฑู’ุฎูŽุงู†ููŠู‘ูŽุฉ: ูˆูŽู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุงุฆูู„ู: ูŠูŽุณู’ุชูŽุฏูู„ู‘ู ุจูุงู…ู’ุฑูŽุฃูŽุฉู ุตูŽู„ู‘ูŽุชู’ ููŽู„ูŽู…ูŽุณูŽู‡ูŽุง ุฒูŽูˆู’ุฌูู‡ูŽุง ุฃูŽูˆู’ ู‚ูŽุจู‘ูŽู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง ุจูุดูŽู‡ู’ูˆูŽุฉู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ู…ูŽุตู‘ ุตูŽุจููŠู‘ูŒ ุซูŽุฏู’ูŠูŽู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽุฎูŽุฑูŽุฌูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽุจูŽู†ู: ุชูŽูู’ุณูุฏู ุตูŽู„ูŽุงุชูู‡ูŽุง.

 

ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุงู…ูุณู ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽูู’ูˆููŠุถู ุฅู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุฃู’ูŠู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุตูŽู„ู‘ููŠุŒ ููŽุฅูู†ู’ ุงุณู’ุชูŽูƒู’ุซูŽุฑูŽู‡ู ููŽูƒูŽุซููŠุฑูŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ููŽู‚ูŽู„ููŠู„ูŒ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูู‡ูุณู’ุชูŽุงู†ููŠู‘ู: ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุดูŽุงู…ูู„ูŒ ู„ูู„ู’ูƒูู„ู‘ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽู‚ู’ุฑูŽุจู ุฅู„ูŽู‰ ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ู ุฃูŽุจููŠ ุญูŽู†ููŠููŽุฉูŽุŒ ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูู‚ูŽุฏู‘ูŽุฑู’ ูููŠ ู…ูุซู’ู„ูู‡ู ุจูŽู„ู’ ูŠูููŽูˆู‘ูŽุถู’ ุฅู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุฃู’ูŠู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุจู’ุชูŽู„ูŽู‰. ุงู‡ู€. ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูููŠ ุดูŽุฑู’ุญู ุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ู’ูŠูŽุฉู: ูˆูŽู„ูŽูƒูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ู…ูŽุถู’ุจููˆุทูุŒ ูˆูŽุชูŽูู’ูˆููŠุถู ู…ูุซู’ู„ูู‡ู ุฅู„ูŽู‰ ุฑูŽุฃู’ูŠู ุงู„ู’ุนูŽูˆู‘ูŽุงู…ู ู…ูู…ู‘ูŽุง ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽู†ู’ุจูŽุบููŠุŒ ูˆูŽุฃูŽูƒู’ุซูŽุฑู ุงู„ู’ููุฑููˆุนู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ุฌูŽู…ููŠุนูู‡ูŽุง ู…ูููŽุฑู‘ูŽุนูŒ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽ. ูˆูŽุงู„ุธู‘ูŽุงู‡ูุฑู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุซูŽุงู†ููŠูŽู‡ูู…ูŽุง ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ุฎูŽุงุฑูุฌู‹ุง ุนูŽู†ู’ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽูˆู‘ูŽู„ูุŒ ู„ูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูู‚ูŽุงู…ู ุจูุงู„ู’ูŠูŽุฏูŽูŠู’ู†ู ุนูŽุงุฏูŽุฉู‹ ูŠูŽุบู’ู„ูุจู ุธูŽู†ู‘ู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุงุธูุฑู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู„ูŽูŠู’ุณูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽู„ูŽุงุฉูุŒ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽุง ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุงุนู’ุชูŽุจูŽุฑูŽ ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽูƒู’ุฑูŽุงุฑูŽ ุซูŽู„ูŽุงุซู‹ุง ู…ูุชูŽูˆูŽุงู„ููŠูŽุฉู‹ ููŽุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูŠูŽุบู’ู„ูุจู ุงู„ุธู‘ูŽู†ู‘ู ุจูุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽุŒ ููŽู„ูุฐูŽุง ุงุฎู’ุชูŽุงุฑูŽู‡ู ุฌูู…ู’ู‡ููˆุฑู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุดูŽุงูŠูุฎู. ุงู‡ู€.

This answer was collected from the official Ifta website of Darul Uloom Azaadville, South Africa. Most of the answers are checked and approved by Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

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