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As Muslims, do we believe in Pre-destination?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

If so, do we believe that everything is set in stone, meaning, everything has already been pre-determined for us? Can you please elaborate on this subject matter? May Allah bless you and your family and forgive all of our sins.

Answer

Your question relates to Taqdeer, the belief that Allah Ta’ala has predestined all affairs from beforehand. Taqdeer is one of the attributes of Allah Ta’ala. Like all His lofty attributes, we, as created beings cannot fathom or comprehend in total this concept. Our intellect is finite and created. Allah Ta’ala’s wisdom and reasoning is infinite and uncreated. Thus, we cannot be expected to totally grasp this concept in our minds.

Allah Ta’ala definitely has a wisdom behind each of His actions. If we cannot comprehend it, it does not follow that it does not exist. It is precisely for this reason that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) has prohibited us from delving into this tenet of Imaan. Just as we cannot fully comprehend the actual being of Allah Ta’ala, so, is it impossible to comprehend his qualities, of which one is Qadr (the predestiner).

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

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