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Najis(impure) water mixed with pure water/ Impurity dries on the floor

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Assalamu ‘alaykum 1) Will najis water become pure if I pour clean water on top? For example If I have 3 ml of najis water (or urine and etc.) and I pour 30 ml of pure water, will the entire 33 ml of liquid be najis or pure? (Note that the water Has no smell and color) 2) I read if there was invisible impurity (urine) and it dried naturally on the floor (without wiping or anything) the floor becomes pure and we can pray on it. Is this true? Jazakum Allahu khair for all the help.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salฤmu โ€˜alaykum wa-rahmatullฤhi wa-barakฤtuh.

(1) In principle, if any impure substance falls in little water(ุงู„ู…ุงุก ุงู„ู‚ู„ูŠู„) it will render the water to be impure (najis). [1]ย 

ย Impure (najis) water will not become pure by adding little pure clean water in it.

(2) If there is an impure substance on the floor and after drying there is no traces of filth left on the floor, the floor will be regarded to be pure. ย [2]

And Allah Taโ€™ฤla Knows Best

Muhammad I.V Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambiaย 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

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[1]ย ุฑุฏ ุงู„ู…ุญุชุงุฑ (2/ 40)ย ย 

ุฃูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู„ููŠู„ู ููŽูŠูŽู†ู’ุฌูุณู ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽุชูŽุบูŽูŠู‘ูŽุฑู’

ุงู„ุงุฎุชูŠุงุฑ ู„ุชุนู„ูŠู„ ุงู„ู…ุฎุชุงุฑ (1/ 14)

(ูˆูŽ) ุฃูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง (ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงุกู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงูƒูุฏู ุฅูุฐูŽุง ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุนูŽุชู’ ูููŠู‡ู ู†ูŽุฌูŽุงุณูŽุฉูŒ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฌููˆุฒู ุงู„ู’ูˆูุถููˆุกู ุจูู‡ู) ู„ูู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ู – ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุงู„ุตู‘ูŽู„ูŽุงุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู„ูŽุงู…ู -: ยซู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุจููˆู„ูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุฃูŽุญูŽุฏููƒูู…ู’ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงุกู ุงู„ุฏู‘ูŽุงุฆูู…ู ุซูู…ู‘ูŽ ูŠูŽุชูŽูˆูŽุถู‘ูŽุฃู ู…ูู†ู’ู‡ู ุฃูŽูˆู’ ูŠูŽุดู’ุฑูŽุจูยป

ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: (ุฅูู„ู‘ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูŽูƒููˆู†ูŽ ุนูŽุดูŽุฑูŽุฉูŽ ุฃูŽุฐู’ุฑูุนู ูููŠ ุนูŽุดูŽุฑูŽุฉู ุฃูŽุฐู’ุฑูุนู) ุŒ ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุตู’ู„ู ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงุกูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู„ููŠู„ูŽ ูŠูŽู†ู’ุฌูŽุณู ุจููˆูู‚ููˆุนู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุฌูŽุงุณูŽุฉู ูููŠู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑู ู„ูŽุง

ย 

ุงู„ุนู†ุงูŠุฉ ุดุฑุญ ุงู„ู‡ุฏุงูŠุฉ (1/ 98)

ู„ูŽู…ู‘ูŽุง ุฐูŽูƒูŽุฑูŽ ุญููƒู’ู…ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงุกู ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู„ููŠู„ู ุจูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูŠูŽุชูŽู†ูŽุฌู‘ูŽุณู ูƒูู„ู‘ูู‡ู ุนูู†ู’ุฏูŽ ูˆูู‚ููˆุนู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุฌูŽุงุณูŽุฉู ูููŠู‡ู ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ูŠูุฑูŽุงู‚ูŽ ูƒูู„ู‘ูู‡ู

ู…ุฌู…ุน ุงู„ุฃู†ู‡ุฑ ููŠ ุดุฑุญ ู…ู„ุชู‚ู‰ ุงู„ุฃุจุญุฑ (1/ 28)

ุงุนู’ู„ูŽู…ู’ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุงุชู‘ูŽููŽู‚ููˆุง ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงุกูŽ ุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽู„ููŠู„ูŽ ูŠูŽุชูŽู†ูŽุฌู‘ูŽุณู ุจููˆูู‚ููˆุนู ุงู„ู†ู‘ูŽุฌูŽุงุณูŽุฉู ูููŠู‡ู ุฏููˆู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑู

ุงู„ู…ุญูŠุท ุงู„ุจุฑู‡ุงู†ูŠ ููŠ ุงู„ูู‚ู‡ ุงู„ู†ุนู…ุงู†ูŠ (1/ 92)

ูŠุฌุจ ุฃู† ูŠุนู„ู… ุฃู† ุงู„ู…ุงุก ุงู„ุฑุงูƒุฏ ุฅุฐุง ูƒุงู† ูƒุซูŠุฑุงู‹ ูู‡ูˆ ุจู…ู†ุฒู„ุฉ ุงู„ู…ุงุก ุงู„ุฌุงุฑูŠ ู„ุง ูŠุชู†ุฌุณ ุฌู…ูŠุนู‡ ุจูˆู‚ูˆุน ุงู„ู†ุฌุงุณุฉ ููŠ ุทุฑู ู…ู†ู‡ ุฅู„ุง ุฃู† ูŠุชุบูŠุฑ ู„ูˆู†ู‡ ุฃูˆ ุทุนู…ู‡ ุฃูˆ ุฑูŠุญู‡. ุนู„ู‰ ู‡ุฐุง ุงุชูู‚ ุงู„ุนู„ู…ุงุก ูˆุจู‡ ุฃุฎุฐ ุนุงู…ุฉ ุงู„ู…ุดุงูŠุฎุŒ ูˆุฅุฐุง ูƒุงู† ู‚ู„ูŠู„ุงู‹ ูู‡ูˆ ุจู…ู†ุฒู„ุฉ ุงู„ุญุจุงุจ ูˆุงู„ุฃูˆุงู†ูŠ ูŠุชู†ุฌุณ ุจูˆู‚ูˆุน ุงู„ู†ุฌุงุณุฉ ููŠู‡ ูˆุฅู† ู„ู… ุชุชุบูŠุฑ ุฅุญุฏู‰ ุฃูˆุตุงูู‡

ย 

ุงู„ุนู†ุงูŠุฉ ุดุฑุญ ุงู„ู‡ุฏุงูŠุฉ (1/ 73)

ูˆูŽุชูŽูˆู’ุฌููŠู‡ู ุงู„ุซู‘ูŽุงู†ููŠูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุงุกู ุงู„ุฑู‘ูŽุงูƒูุฏู ู‚ูŽู„ููŠู„ู‹ุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑู‹ุง ุฅุฐูŽุง ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุนูŽุชู’ ูููŠู‡ู ู†ูŽุฌูŽุงุณูŽุฉูŒ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽุฌููˆุฒู ุงู„ู’ูˆูุถููˆุกู ุจูู‡ู

ย 

[2]ย ุงู„ู…ุญูŠุท ุงู„ุจุฑู‡ุงู†ูŠ ููŠ ุงู„ูู‚ู‡ ุงู„ู†ุนู…ุงู†ูŠ (1/ 205) ย ย 

ย ุดูŠุฆุงู† ูŠุทู‡ุฑุงู† ุจุงู„ุฌูุงู: ุงู„ุฃุฑุถ ุฅุฐุง ุฃุตุงุจู‡ุง ู†ุฌุงุณุฉ ูุฌูู‘ุช ูˆู„ู… ูŠูุฑูŽ ุฃุซุฑู‡ุง ุฌุงุฒุช ุงู„ุตู„ุงุฉ ููˆู‚ู‡ุง

ย 

ุฑุฏ ุงู„ู…ุญุชุงุฑ (2/ 445)

( ูˆูŽ ) ุชูŽุทู’ู‡ูุฑู ( ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถูŒ ) ุจูุฎูู„ูŽุงูู ู†ูŽุญู’ูˆู ุจูุณูŽุงุทู ( ุจููŠูุจู’ุณูู‡ูŽุง ) ุฃูŽูŠู’ : ุฌูŽููŽุงููู‡ูŽุง ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ุจูุฑููŠุญู ( ูˆูŽุฐูŽู‡ูŽุงุจู ุฃูŽุซูŽุฑูู‡ูŽุง ูƒูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ู†ู ) ูˆูŽุฑููŠุญู ( ู„ู ) ุฃูŽุฌู’ู„ู ( ุตูŽู„ูŽุงุฉู ) ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูŽุง ( ู„ูŽุง ู„ูุชูŽูŠูŽู…ู‘ูู…ู ) ุจูู‡ูŽุง ุ› ู„ูุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุดู’ุฑููˆุทูŽ ู„ูŽู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ุทู‘ูŽู‡ูŽุงุฑูŽุฉู ูˆูŽู„ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ุทู‘ูŽู‡ููˆุฑููŠู‘ูŽุฉู

( ูˆูŽ ) ุญููƒู’ู…ู ( ุขุฌูุฑู‘ู ) ูˆูŽู†ูŽุญู’ูˆูู‡ู ูƒูŽู„ูŽุจูู†ู ( ู…ูŽูู’ุฑููˆุดู ูˆูŽุฎูุตู‘ู ) ุจูุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุงุกู ุชูŽุญู’ุฌููŠุฑูŽุฉู ุณูŽุทู’ุญู ( ูˆูŽุดูŽุฌูŽุฑู ูˆูŽูƒูŽู„ูŽุฃู ู‚ูŽุงุฆูู…ูŽูŠู’ู†ู ูููŠ ุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู ูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ) ุฃูŽูŠู’ : ูƒูŽุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู ุŒ ููŽูŠูŽุทู’ู‡ูุฑู ุจูุฌูŽููŽุงูู ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽุง ูƒูู„ู‘ู ู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุซูŽุงุจูุชู‹ุง ูููŠู‡ูŽุง ู„ูุฃูŽุฎู’ุฐูู‡ู ุญููƒู’ู…ูŽู‡ูŽุง ุจูุงุชู‘ูุตูŽุงู„ูู‡ู ุจูู‡ูŽุง ููŽุงู„ู’ู…ูู†ู’ููŽุตูู„ู ูŠูุบู’ุณูŽู„ู ู„ูŽุง ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุŒ ุฅู„ู‘ูŽุง ุญูŽุฌูŽุฑู‹ุง ุฎูŽุดูู†ู‹ุง ูƒูŽุฑูŽุญู‹ู‰ ููŽูƒูŽุฃูŽุฑู’ุถู

ย 

ุฃุญุณู† ุงู„ูุชุงุคูŠ ุฌู„ุฏ2 ุต 88

ย 

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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