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Does a husband’s becoming an apostate affect the spouses marital status?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Salaam,

Husband is from a Muslim family and was a muslim when he got married. But later got to know that his views are different and he is a atheist and does not believe in God. Does this make the husband/wife relationship haram and marriage void since he’s a non-muslim now?

Regards,

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

If any one of the spouse leaves the fold of Islam, then the marriage terminates with immediate effect.[1]

Your marriage terminated the moment your husband turned atheist (May Allah guide him).

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Aboobakr Siddeeq bin Mufti Amjad Mohammad

Student Darul Iftaa 

Azaadville, JHB, South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

_______


[1]  الجوهرة النيرة – (4 / 72)

قَوْلُهُ ( وَإِذَا ارْتَدَّ أَحَدُ الزَّوْجَيْنِ عَنْ الْإِسْلَامِ وَقَعَتْ الْبَيْنُونَةُ بَيْنَهُمَا فُرْقَةً بِغَيْرِ طَلَاقٍ ) عِنْدَهُمَا .

الدر المختار شرح تنوير الأبصار في فقه مذهب الإمام أبي حنيفة – (3 / 193)

 ( وارتداد أحدهما ) أي الزوجين ( فسخ ) فلا ينقص عددا ( عاجل )

فتاویٰ محمودیہ – (552 / 2)

اگر عقیدہ بدل کر ہندو ہوجانا ثابت ہے تو اس کے ہندو ہونے کی وجہ سے اس کا نکاح بلا طلاق خد ہی فسخ ہوگیا

کتاب النوازل – (112 – 10)

اگر واقعتا کوئی شوہر ناقابل تاویل کفریہ کلمات کہ کر (نعوذ باللہ )مرتد ہوجائے، اور اسکا ارتداد شرعی طور پر ثابت ہوجائے تو باجماع ائمہ اربعہ اسکا نکاح خود بخود فسخ ہوجاتا ہے

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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