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Bequeathing for adopted son

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

How should the property be split for a Muslim Aunty who is a Widow and has no Kids , 4 Sisters who are all mariied with kids,no brothers and Parents as well expired.

The House she currently owns is received from her parents .She however adopted her Nephew ( Sisters SON ) as her Adopted SON.ย 

The Aunty wants to give the entire property to her Adopted Son ? Can she give him the property as per Shariah , The Auntys Sisters have Objection to this .
Secondly , Can she give the entire property and her Posessions including Jewellery and other items ย as a gift to her Adopted son in her Lifetime ?

I have read on some fatwa that the ” women is not supposed to give more than One Thirds of her wealth as a gift to her adopted son ” ? Is it True and Just for my information does the laws of inheritence are differentfor Men . i.e if the men were to own the same house ?

Is there a consequence if the property is not distributed properly and for whom ย ?
Please also in your fatwa , give an advise to the Aunty , Her Sisters , Her Adopted Son and others how to handle this situation in a pleasant way and as per the shariah , so everyone does good for their Akhira and do not step on each others share and do not break the hearts ย ? Also pelase advise other who get involvedย in it ? I mean what would be their responsibility as per shariah ?ย 


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salฤmu โ€˜alaykum wa-rahmatullฤhi wa-barakฤtuh.

The Muslim aunty in reference is the sole owner of her property and jewelry.ย  She may exercise her right of ownership and gift her property and jewelry to her adopted son in her lifetime. However, in doing so her intention should not be to deprive her heirs.ย 

The issue of one third is only if she passes away and makes a wasiyah to give her adopted son, then only the adopted son will get from one third of her estate. However, if she wills to gift her adopted son in her lifetime, she is entitled to do so.

The family people should respect the ownership of the aunty and let her exercise her Sharโ€™iy right to do as she pleases.

And Allah Taโ€™ฤla Knows Best

Imran Cyclewala

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.






ุจุฏุงุฆุน ุงู„ุตู†ุงุฆุน ููŠ ุชุฑุชูŠุจ ุงู„ุดุฑุงุฆุน (6/ 264)

ย ู„ู„ู…ุงู„ูƒ ุฃู† ูŠุชุตุฑู ููŠ ู…ู„ูƒู‡ ุฃูŠ ุชุตุฑู ุดุงุก


ุงู„ุฌูˆู‡ุฑุฉ ุงู„ู†ูŠุฑุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ู…ุฎุชุตุฑ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูˆุฑูŠ (2/ 296)

ูˆุญุงู„ ุงู„ุตุญุฉ ุขูƒุฏ ููŠ ุงู„ุซุจูˆุช ู…ู† ุงู„ูˆุตูŠุฉ ุจุฏู„ูŠู„ ุฃู† ู„ู„ุจุงู„ุบ ุฃู† ูŠู‡ุจ ุฌู…ูŠุน ู…ุงู„ู‡ ููŠ ุญุงู„ ุตุญุชู‡


ย ุงู„ุฏุฑ ุงู„ู…ุฎุชุงุฑ ูˆุญุงุดูŠุฉ ุงุจู† ุนุงุจุฏูŠู† (ุฑุฏ ุงู„ู…ุญุชุงุฑ) (5/ 696)

ูˆููŠ ุงู„ุฎุงู†ูŠุฉ ู„ุง ุจุฃุณ ุจุชูุถูŠู„ ุจุนุถ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ุงุฏ ููŠ ุงู„ู…ุญุจุฉ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ุง ุนู…ู„ ุงู„ู‚ู„ุจุŒ ูˆูƒุฐุง ููŠ ุงู„ุนุทุงูŠุง ุฅู† ู„ู… ูŠู‚ุตุฏ ุจู‡ ุงู„ุฅุถุฑุงุฑุŒ ูˆุฅู† ู‚ุตุฏู‡ ูุณูˆู‰ ุจูŠู†ู‡ู… ูŠุนุทูŠ ุงู„ุจู†ุช ูƒุงู„ุงุจู† ุนู†ุฏ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠ ูˆุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ูุชูˆู‰ ูˆู„ูˆ ูˆู‡ุจ ููŠ ุตุญุชู‡ ูƒู„ ุงู„ู…ุงู„ ู„ู„ูˆู„ุฏ ุฌุงุฒ ูˆุฃุซู…


ู„ุณุงู† ุงู„ุญูƒุงู… (ุต: 371)

ย ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆ ูˆู‡ุจ ุฌูŽู…ููŠุน ู…ูŽุงู„ู‡ ู…ู† ุงุจู’ู†ู‡ ุฌูŽุงุฒูŽ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุขุซู… ู†ูŽุต ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ู…ูุญูŽู…ูŽู‘ุฏ ุฑูŽุญู…ูŽู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆ ุฎุต ุจุนุถ ุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽุงุฏู‡ ู„ุฒููŠูŽุงุฏูŽุฉ ุฑุดุฏู‡ ููŽู„ูŽุง ุจูŽุฃู’ุณ ุจูู‡ู ูˆูŽุฅูู† ูƒูŽุงู†ููˆุง ุณูŽูˆูŽุงุก ูููŠ ุงู„ุฑุดุฏ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽูู’ุนูŽู„ู‡ ูˆูŽุฅูู† ุฃูŽุฑูŽุงุฏูŽ ุฃูŽู† ูŠุตุฑู ู…ูŽุงู„ู‡ ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑ ูˆูŽุงุจู’ู†ู‡ ููŽุงุณู‚ ูุงู„ุตุฑู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽูŠู’ุฑ ุฃูุถู„ ู…ู† ุชูŽุฑูƒู‡ ู„ูŽู‡ู ู„ูุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุฅูุนูŽุงู†ูŽุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ุนู’ุตููŠูŽุฉ ูˆูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽุง ู„ูŽูˆ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงุจู’ู†ู‡ ููŽุงุณูู‚ู‹ุง ู„ูŽุง ูŠูุนู’ุทููŠู‡ู ุฃูŽูƒุซุฑ ู…ู† ู‚ูˆุชู‡


ุงู„ูุชุงูˆู‰ ุงู„ู‡ู†ุฏูŠุฉ (35/ 24)

ูˆูŽู„ูŽูˆู’ ูˆูŽู‡ูŽุจูŽ ุฑูŽุฌูู„ูŒ ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุง ู„ูุฃูŽูˆู’ู„ูŽุงุฏูู‡ู ูููŠ ุงู„ุตูู‘ุญูŽู‘ุฉู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฑูŽุงุฏูŽ ุชูŽูู’ุถููŠู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุนู’ุถู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ุจูŽุนู’ุถู ูููŠ ุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ู„ูŽุง ุฑููˆูŽุงูŠูŽุฉูŽ ู„ูู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุตู’ู„ู ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุตู’ุญูŽุงุจูู†ูŽุง ุŒ ูˆูŽุฑููˆููŠูŽ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุจููŠ ุญูŽู†ููŠููŽุฉูŽ ุฑูŽุญูู…ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู„ูŽุง ุจูŽุฃู’ุณูŽ ุจูู‡ู ุฅุฐูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ูู’ุถููŠู„ู ู„ูุฒููŠูŽุงุฏูŽุฉู ููŽุถู’ู„ู ู„ูŽู‡ู ูููŠ ุงู„ุฏูู‘ูŠู†ู ุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽุง ุณูŽูˆูŽุงุกู‹ ูŠููƒู’ุฑูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฑูŽูˆูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุนูŽู„ูŽู‘ู‰ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุจููŠ ูŠููˆุณูููŽ ุฑูŽุญูู…ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู„ูŽู‘ู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰ ุฃูŽู†ูŽู‘ู‡ู ู„ูŽุง ุจูŽุฃู’ุณูŽ ุจูู‡ู ุฅุฐูŽุง ู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽู‚ู’ุตูุฏู’ ุจูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฅูุถู’ุฑูŽุงุฑูŽ ุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ู‚ูŽุตูŽุฏูŽ ุจูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฅูุถู’ุฑูŽุงุฑูŽ ุณูŽูˆูŽู‘ู‰ ุจูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูŠูุนู’ุทููŠ ุงู„ูุงุจู’ู†ูŽุฉูŽ ู…ูุซู’ู„ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุนู’ุทููŠ ู„ูู„ูุงุจู’ู†ู ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ุงู„ู’ููŽุชู’ูˆูŽู‰ ู‡ูŽูƒูŽุฐูŽุง ูููŠ ููŽุชูŽุงูˆูŽู‰ ู‚ูŽุงุถููŠ ุฎูŽุงู†ู’ ูˆูŽู‡ููˆูŽ ุงู„ู’ู…ูุฎู’ุชูŽุงุฑู ุŒ ูƒูŽุฐูŽุง ูููŠ ุงู„ุธูŽู‘ู‡ููŠุฑููŠูŽู‘ุฉู .


ูุชุงูˆู‰ ู‚ุงุถูŠุฎุงู† (3/ 154)

ย ูˆู„ูˆ ูˆู‡ุจ ุฑุฌู„ ุดูŠุฆุงู‹ ู„ุฃูˆู„ุงุฏู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุตุญุฉ ูˆุฃุฑุงุฏ ุชูุถูŠู„ ุงู„ุจุนุถ ููŠ ุฐู„ูƒ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุจุนุถ ู„ุง ุฑูˆุงูŠุฉ ู„ู‡ุฐุง ููŠ ุงู„ุฃุตู„ ุนู† ุฃุตุญุงุจู†ุง ุฑุญู…ู‡ู… ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุฑูˆูŠ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ุญู†ูŠูุฉ ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุฃู†ู‡ ู„ุง ุจุฃุณ ุจู‡ ุฅุฐุง ูƒุงู† ุงู„ุชูุถูŠู„ ู„ุฒูŠุงุฏุฉ ูุถู„ ู„ู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุฏูŠู† ูุฅู† ูƒุงู†ุง ุณูˆุงุก ูŠูƒุฑู‡ ูˆุฑูˆู‰ ุงู„ู…ุนู„ู‰ ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ูŠูˆุณู ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุฃู†ู‡ ู„ุง ุจุฃุณ ุจู‡ ุฅุฐุง ู„ู… ูŠู‚ุตุฏ ุจู‡ ุงู„ุฅุถุฑุงุฑ ูˆุฅู† ู‚ุตุฏ ุจู‡ ุงู„ุฅุถุฑุงุฑ ุณูˆู‘ู‰ ุจูŠู†ู‡ู… ูŠุนุทูŠ ู„ู„ุงุจู†ุฉ ู…ุซู„ ู…ุง ูŠุนุทูŠ ู„ู„ุงุจู†ุŒ ูˆู‚ุงู„ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ูŠุนุทูŠ ู„ู„ุฐูƒุฑ ุถุนู ู…ุง ูŠุนุทูŠ ู„ู„ุฃู†ุซู‰ ูˆุงู„ูุชูˆู‰ ุนู„ู‰ ู‚ูˆู„ ุฃุจูŠ ูŠูˆุณู ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ุŒ ุฑุฌู„ ูˆู‡ุจ ููŠ ุตุญุชู‡ ูƒู„ ุงู„ู…ุงู„ ู„ู„ูˆู„ุฏ ุฌุงุฒ ููŠ ุงู„ู‚ุถุงุก ูˆูŠูƒูˆู† ุขุซู…ุงู‹ ููŠู…ุง ุตู†ุนุŒ






ย (22/252) ุงู„ู…ุญูŠุท ุงู„ุจุฑู‡ุงู†ูŠ()

ุงุฐุง ุงูˆุตูŠ ุจุซู„ุซ ู…ุงู„ู‡ ู„ุงุฌู†ุจูŠ ูู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ูˆุตูŠุฉ ุฌุงุฆุฒุฉ


ุงู„ูุชุงูˆู‰ ุงู„ู‡ู†ุฏูŠุฉ (48/ 17)ย 

ุซูู…ูŽู‘ ุชูŽุตูุญูู‘ ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุตููŠูŽู‘ุฉู ู„ูุฃูŽุฌู’ู†ูŽุจููŠูู‘ ู…ูู†ู’ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑู ุฅุฌูŽุงุฒูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุฑูŽุซูŽุฉู ุŒ ูƒูŽุฐูŽุง ูููŠ ุงู„ุชูŽู‘ุจู’ูŠููŠู†ู ูˆูŽู„ูŽุง ุชูŽุฌููˆุฒู ุจูู…ูŽุง ุฒูŽุงุฏูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุซูู‘ู„ูุซู ุฅู„ูŽู‘ุง ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠูุฌููŠุฒูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุฑูŽุซูŽุฉู ุจูŽุนู’ุฏูŽ ู…ูŽูˆู’ุชูู‡ู ูˆูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ูƒูุจูŽุงุฑูŒ


ุงู„ูุชุงูˆู‰ ุงู„ู‡ู†ุฏูŠุฉ (48/ 15)ย 

ูˆูŽูŠูุณู’ุชูŽุญูŽุจูู‘ ุฃูŽู†ู’ ูŠููˆุตููŠูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฅูู†ู’ุณูŽุงู†ู ุจูุฏููˆู†ู ุงู„ุซูู‘ู„ูุซู ุณูŽูˆูŽุงุกูŒ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽุชู’ ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽุฑูŽุซูŽุฉู ุฃูŽุบู’ู†ููŠูŽุงุกูŽ ุฃูŽูˆู’ ููู‚ูŽุฑูŽุงุกูŽ


ย  (22/252) ุงู„ู…ุญูŠุท ุงู„ุจุฑู‡ุงู†ูŠ

ูŠุณุชุญุจ ู„ู„ู…ูˆุตูŠ ุงู† ูŠู†ู‚ุต ุนู† ุงู„ุซู„ุซ ููŠูˆุตูŠ ุจู…ุง ุฏูˆู† ุงู„ุซู„ุซ

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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